T2DM

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Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the next epidemic diseases striking people from all countries. It is the most common type of diabetes, nevertheless a chronic lifelong disease. The diseases’ symptoms develop slowly and quietly, to the point that a person may have it for years without acknowledging his condition. Especially because the symptoms of diabetes type 2 are very common to others health conditions as well. Increase thirst and hunger, frequent urination, fatigue, weight loss and blurred vision are among the T2DM symptoms. They are very subtle evidences, therefore very difficult to be perceptible in the rush of our daily routine. In fact, the symptoms are simply the result of the body’s condition of insulin resistance. The someone’s body cannot make enough insulin to control the body glucose levels. The organ responsible to produce the hormone insulin is the pancreas, which secretes this hormone into the bloodstream to facilitate the sugar to enter into the cells, lowering the glucose level in the blood. When there is a disfunction in this process, the sugar builds up in the blood, resulting in the fluid to be pulled out of the tissues and causing excessive thirstiness, furthermore excessive urination from the extra drinking. Because glucose is the main energy source for the cells, the depletion of glucose into the cells makes the body find alternative energy source from the muscles and fat, resulting in weigh loss but intense hunger. Even more, many other complications may appear in long-term due a diabetic condition, such as cardiovascular problems, nerve and kidney damage. However, researchers do not completely understand the development of diabetes yet. It is known that some factors may increase the chances of... ... middle of paper ... ...th and economical improvement. In other words, the solution is on the identification of cost-effective intervention, along with cure-target treatments, which can improve the implementation of effective type 2 diabetes prevention/cure. Additionally, it is essential to have enough funding to provide sustainability in the long term. The medical research for type 2 diabetes have a social-economic impact in the society. Therefore, the most promising and effective treatments to be invested on are the ones which target the cure of diabetes and not the symptoms, as it was mentioned previously. So far, along with the prevention of obesity, especially during childhood, are the stem cells and cell therapy based treatments being investigated. The most important is aim the health of the population, while preventing the excessive weight gain that can outcome as a type 2 diabetes.

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