1. What is the purpose of the SEMP? When in the life cycle should it be developed? How does it relate to each of the following?
a) The PMP
b) The reliability program plan
c) The integrated logistic support plan
The purpose of the Software Engineering Management Plan is to develop the policies, procedures and structure in order to foster the support activities and engineering activities required for design and development process of the system.
Systems Engineering Management Plan is developed in the conceptual design phase of the life cycle process when the need for the management related requirement arises.
SEMP relationship with each of the following:
a) The PMP: PMP document will explain about the deliverables, overall tasks with its inputs, approach for performing tasks and its output and schedule required to complete project. The program management plan will serve as the input to SEMP. Based on the information available in PMP, SEMP will be able to prepare a top level plan required for managing systems engineering effort.
b) The Reliability Program Plan: Reliability program plan is developed to identify reliability requirements for the system though reliability analysis and to ensure that the system will meet its requirements. Reliability Program Plan is combined with SEMP, in smaller projects. For larger projects reliability program plan is made separately. SEMP will define responsibilities and authorities to each of the specialty program plans (one among them is reliability program plan) to prevent them from overlapping.
c) Integrated Logistic Support Plan: Integrated logistic support plan focuses on the system’s operations and the maintenance required for system to sustain. ILSP covers all the applicable logistics...
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... in the later stages of planning as project planning progresses. CWBS is developed in accordance with SOW and includes PWBS for products which are to be furnished by contractor.
SWBS includes all the activities of the project such as design and development, production, utilization and support. Program budgets and program schedules are also prepared in various levels of SWBS. All these information is necessary when outsourcing the project work, in order to build the right product and on time and within budget. So If I am outsourcing the work related to project and if I am responsible for specifying the work requirements for supplier then I would use SWBS.
Blanchard B. S. & Fabrycky W. J. (2011), Systems Engineering and Analysis, New Jersey:
Blanchard B. S. (2008), Systems Engineering Management, New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons
In this essay, the author
Describes the purpose of the semp, when it should be developed, and how it relates to the following.
Explains the pmp document will explain deliverables, overall tasks, approach for performing tasks and its output and schedule required to complete project. the program management plan will serve as the input to semp.
Explains the reliability program plan, which is developed to identify reliability requirements for the system through reliability analysis.
Describes the engineering practices that must be employed in developing and maintaining the heater system. semp will serve as guideline of procedures that developers and engineers must follow.
Explains that functional analysis and design is the process of transforming the requirements analyzed in requirements analysis stage into functional architecture for the system.
Explains that design synthesis is a process in which the requirements and functional architecture are transformed to design and implementation of systems requirements.
Explains that the first step of project is to identify scope and prepare a plan for project. stakeholders of the project cannot skip initiation phase.
Explains the main goal of requirements development phase is to produce requirements and operations concept for project.
Explains that developers begin with the preliminary design phase once the requirements are established. various design documents are produced in this phase.
Explains that detailed design scope will be determined based on amount of work to be accomplished. engineers refine physical architecture and functional architecture in this phase.
Explains that actual system is built in the implementation phase of the development life cycle. testing is necessary for system releases. engineers refine test plans and assist with unit testing and integration testing activities.
Explains the goal of system test phase is to verify the newly developed system to check whether it meets all the needs of customers.
Concludes that in this phase the project verifies the functionality of system in operational environment.
Explains that stakeholders are people who have stake in the project's results. it is necessary to keep stakeholders informed of project status during all phases of development life cycle.
Describes the roles of customers, systems engineer, software engineering lead, task leader, configuration management analyst and operations lead.
Describes the various processes involved in risk management, security, document management and requirements management.
Explains the purpose of the software engineering management plan to develop policies, procedures, and structure in order to foster the support activities and engineering activities required for design and development process of a system.
Explains integrated logistic support plan, which focuses on the system's operations and the maintenance required for system to sustain.
Explains the purpose of the work breakdown structure (wbs) and the difference between it and cwbs.
An inclusive plan is developed that incorporates the five process areas as well as the nine knowledge areas. These knowledge areas include: project integration, scope management, time management, cost management, quality management, human resources management, communications management, risk management, and procurement. In addition, a description of how the team will monitor and control the plan after execution and the methods that may be utilized to close the project will be reviewed. To follow, there will be a work breakdown structure (WBS) to visualize the contextual information described.
In this essay, the author
Explains the project management life cycle, which promotes an organized manner to keep projects within the time scope, budget scopes, and facilitates fluid processes to harness risks.
Explains that an inclusive plan is developed that incorporates the five process areas as well as the nine knowledge areas.
Explains that initiating the project is the start of a project to build an successful end.
Explains that the newly hired project manager (pm) for fiction corporation is comprised of ten project management professional (pmp)-certified project managers who have successfully accomplished projects that include wiring closets, data center moves, wireless, network upgrades, and enterprise resource planning deployments.
Explains that the data center supports remote retail locations, an off-site 100-seat call center, and three remote warehousing operations. primary data processing hardware includes 2 large uninterrupted power supply (ups), 4 rs/6000 aix application servers, 10 virtual servers and 20 personal computer servers.
Describes the requirements for creating a charter. the charter will include the output of project title and date of authorization, project manager’s name and contact information, summary schedule with start and end dates, description of objectives, success criteria, planned approach, roles and responsibilities matrix.
Explains that the objective is to move fiction corporations data center in 30 days with previous requirements listed above and success being no interruptions in service throughout the process.
Explains that the planning phase is crucial to exhibiting a successful project but is viewed negatively due to the difficulty in creating.
Explains bruce cardos, a principal consultant at datalink, who has extensive experience in relocating data centers.
Explains that the best approach is to modularize the process and capitalize on personnel strengths and weaknesses to gain best research analysis, preventative risks, communication, and team work.
Describes the five essential keys to success when relocating a data center.
...Chart, Cost Breakdown Analysis, Quality Management Plan, Change Management Process, Risk Matrix other than the Project Plan.
In this essay, the author
Explains that as an it professional, they always believed that expertise, application of good techniques, use of the right tools, and knowledge gained over the years could help solve similar problems in different time and environment.
Explains that in all projects in which they have taken part in the last 5 years, there has always been something that went wrong. the processes and their workflow are well defined and in accordance with the company’s governance policy.
Opines that the company's indifference to failures is due to the fact that it is a public owned company where the responsibilities are never attributed to individuals who took part in these projects.
Opines that despite having a good team of experts, clear definition of the scope and the right budget assigned to them, they failed because there was no planning work behind or at the base of them.
Explains that the caneta inc. project planning module introduced them to the basic concepts, principles, and guidelines for project management such as organisation, structure, process, lifecycles, context and risk.
Opines that if they had not studied the basics of project management, they wouldn't have been able to tell the difference between conducting a group of activities necessary for the realization of the purpose whenever they are required, and carrying out such activities from the perspective of
Explains that the group activity (caneta inc.) demonstrated itself to be challenging for them since it was the first time they got directly involved in such experience.
Describes how the group agreed to proceed with the expansion of the company, acquiring the premises made available just beside the present office.
Describes the tasks assigned to each member, including creating the organizational business structure, the organisational breakdown structure and the responsibility assignment matrix.
Explains that the first diagram is a common one, something that they are used to seeing around and also because it was not detailed but was required only to the purpose of supporting the company's structure
Explains the importance of assigning each task to a person and never to an office or department of the company.
Explains that they created the ram (responsibility assignment matrix) after discussing the work breakdown structure.
Explains that we produced documents for stakeholder analysis, logic network diagram, project schedule gantt chart, critical path
Explains that despite the fact that they did not have enough time to spend as a group on analysing every single document that was produced by the other members, they decided to produce some of the documents on their own for educational purposes.
Explains that creating a schedule gantt chart can be tricky and identifying the critical tasks is difficult. with the logic network diagram, they can define the logical path for the tasks.
This project control artifact helps to understand the high level communication management plan, high level quality management plan, high level risk management plan and high level change management plan of the” Project Smile”.
In this essay, the author
Explains that "project smile" validates that project deliverables and work meet the requirements specified by key stakeholders for final acceptance.
Explains that project smile will identify quality requirements for the project and its deliverables, documenting compliance, and providing guidance and direction on how quality will be managed and validated.
Explains that project smile will identify the process of auditing the quality requirements and ensure that appropriate quality standards and operational definition are used.
Explains project smile will identify the process of monitoring and recording results of executing quality activities to assess performance and recommend necessary changes.
Explains that project smile will define how to conduct risk management activities to ensure the degree, type, and visibility of risk are commensurate with both the risks and the importance of the project to the organization.
Explains that a change request is formal proposal to modify any document, deliverable or baseline. it can change policies, project management plan, procedures, cost or revise schedules.
Explains that the project control artifact helps to understand the high level communication management plan, high-level quality, risk, and change management plans of the project smile.
Explains that communication management plan is the process of developing an appropriate approach and plan for project communication based on stakeholder’s information needs and requirements.
Explains that project smile is a service-oriented program that focuses on providing good quality service to the people.
The purpose of this assignment is to show an understanding of Project Management and all elements involved in the planning and execution of projects.
In this essay, the author
Explains the project management concepts and aspects involved in the implementation and completion of a project.
Explains project management as the management of time, people, tools, budget, and logistics of an assignment.
Explains cost-benefit analysis is the projection of the costs and benefits of options for a project, in order to pre-determine the most feasible plan of execution.
Describes critical path tasks or steps that are individually and timeously carried out to ensure the completion of the project within the assigned timeframe.
Explains project integration management, which ensures the proper coordination of combined procedures before commencement of a project.
Explains that the pmp exam primer defines the project integration management knowledge area as being concerned with identifying and defining the work of the project and then integrating with the appropriate processes.
Explains that the problem was attributed to physical causes, such as inconsistent performance, lack of feedback and haphazard progress reports, and organisational causes like resistance from the software side.
Opines that the team lacks motivation as they feel the objectives of the project are not clear. a chance to lead projects would be a great motivation and influential way of inspiring
Explains that smaller tasks help with time and cost estimation and assign work better to team members.
Explains that working on the wbs structure as a team will help gain understanding of how to deal with the challenges you and your team are currently facing.
Explains that smaller tasks will help you figure out checkpoints in your project that will enable you to measure progress.
Explains that wbs will help you better delegate, define projects and plan activities for next and future projects.
Opines that team work is fundamental to a project and that once the wbs is in place, the project will pick up and see positive results. working together will assist in maintaining productive performance, discipline, and effective communication.
Explains that team management supports and directs the team towards the transformation of a demotivated group to.
Explains the ability to influence others to implement strategies to persuade the team to be goal-oriented and success-driven.
Explains how they develop and implement strategies and procedures to create an open and effective environment for team members to share their expertise, knowledge, and encourage creative problem solving.
Explains the five stages of team development which a project manager needs to understand in order to lead his/her team towards effective productivity.
Describes the 10 issues that are likely to contribute to the failure of the project in the case study.
Explains the incorrect use of project methodology- the process was not applicable to the software group's work.
Explains that the project manager draws up a business case with all activities required to develop the plan. team members and equipment are selected.
Explains that a project plan includes the budget, work schedule, and resources plan, which portrays the exact execution of the project and may be adjusted continuously to respond constructively to new challenges and opportunities.
Explains that a status report is created to reflect completed tasks, those which are yet to be completed, and the overall progress of the project.
Describes project closure as the final stage of a project, where deliverables are handed over to the customer, documents are archived, and the team is released.
Describes six documents that are developed during the project planning phase. these details are used by a project manager to monitor and control resources as tasks are completed.
Explains that resource plan is used to determine and plan the resources required to efficiently and effectively execute the project plan.
Explains resource planning as determining what resources are needed in what quantities to perform project activities. a guide to the pmbok.
Explains that a gantt chart is useful to show additional information about the various tasks or phases of the project.
Describes inspections as a way to measure, examine, and test if results comply with requirements done at different process levels.
Opines that projects need a well-selected team with skills, knowledge, and potential to contribute meaningfully to the final result. good communication and planning skills are pre-requisites for project leaders.
Describes project management as the development of a project plan, which includes defining and confirming project goals and objectives, identifying tasks and how goals will be achieved.
Defines project management as the application of processes, methods, knowledge, skills, and experience to achieve project objectives.
Explains the nine knowledge areas which are developments divided into sections form the foundation of numerous category processes.
Explains that the company is experiencing issues within their first major project. the following recommendation is intended to advise you on measures for the alleviation of the problem.
Explains that they performed a root cause analysis and collaborated with their project supervisor to identify the apparent causes. the ishikawa, fishbone or cause-and-effect diagram, is used for systematically identifying and presenting all the possible causes
Explains work breakdown structure as a duty-orientated structure of activities that helps organise, plan, and manage the total work of projects into smaller, manageable tasks.
Describes the stages of team structure, storming, and adjourning.
Explains that according to 2020 business insight 9, every project has certain phases of development. a clear understanding of these phases allows managers and executives to maintain control of the project more efficiently.
Explains that implementation of quality control requires the project manager to monitor and measure quality results to determine that the results are up to the demands of the quality standards.
The planning process depends on a formal information system. The external and internal assessments provide a reality base on which to build future plans. The vision or mission identifies the organization's purpose and its desired future state.
In this essay, the author
Explains that strategic planning involves an orderly sequence of activities vital to the success of the whole.
Explains that the question of whether to develop a strategic plan may be based on answers to the following questions.
Explains that some groups of people, or inspired leaders, have a natural ability to respond quickly and effectively to new challenges and opportunities, making strategic planning superfluous.
Explains that strategic planning is a process to provide direction and meaning to day-to-day activities.
Explains that the planning process depends on a formal information system. external and internal assessments provide reality bases on which to build future plans.
Explains that a strategic plan can help improve performance. it can stimulate future-oriented thinking based on shared mission. today's educational system must cope with demographics, family patterns, and workplace requirements.
Explains that the strategic plan is the organization's guiding spirit, providing a common sense of direction and purpose
Explains that there are many ways to assess the external environment. trend analysis is a method of examining changes over time in order to anticipate future conditions.
Explains that if the answers to these questions support the development of a strategic plan, then the process can be initiated.
Explains that implementation shifts the organization's focus from developing the strategic plan to acting upon it. implementation is a reality check on assumptions and future visioning of the planning process.
Explains that evaluation and revision are implied in every step of strategic planning. the later a major revision occurs, the greater retrenchment necessary.
Project Management for Information Systems
Information systems (IS) projects are vulnerable to resource cutbacks and the increasing complexity of systems and advances in information technology make finding the right personnel difficult and the associated development costs high. Good project management is essential for success. Some alignment methodologies include IBM's business systems planning (BSP), Robert Holland's strategic systems planning, James Martin's (1989) information engineering and method/1 from Anderson Consulting.
Critical success factors (Rockart, 1979) methodology focuses on identifying key information needs of senior executives and building information systems around those key needs.
In this essay, the author
Explains that it projects are vulnerable to cutbacks due to the complexity of system design and rapid advances in information technology. project managers must optimize the use of allocated resources to ensure that is projects deliver on time and on budget.
Explains williams' four steps to systems planning: planning information systems, analysing information requirements, resource allocation, and project planning.
Explains that a process re-engineering effort driven by one business function or unit will likely encounter resistance from other parts of the organization. both high-level and broad support for change is necessary.
Cites holland, p, light, b, gibson, n, 1999, "a critical success factors model for enterprise resource planning implementation".
Cites pant, s., ravichandran, t. 2001, "a framework for information systems planning for e-business".
Explains that information systems projects are vulnerable to resource cutbacks and the complexity of systems and advances in information technology make finding the right personnel difficult. good project management is essential for success.
Explains that successful project management requires a clear business objective, understanding of the nature of change, and understanding the project risk.
Explains that project managers may choose to design and build systems using existing is planning models/methodologies.
Explains earl's five alternate strategy frameworks that project managers should consider when deciding how the system will enhance the business function.
Explains that business process re-engineering (bpr) is an essential element for many companies who attempt to improve their competitive position in the marketplace.
Opines that change management is important for project managers and business leaders, starting at the project phase and continuing throughout the entire life cycle.
Argues that project managers should plan for the development, testing, and troubleshooting of system software, especially at beginning in the project phase.
Explains the mot model, which depicts information systems as being influenced and shaped by management, organizational and technology factors.
Explains that project management of information systems projects is increasingly important to successful design and implementation.
Cites bailey, a., sharma, m.k, godla, j. and charnley, l.
Cites falkowski, pedigo, smith, b, swanson, d, and hall, g., rosenthal, j.
Describes the key success factors in erp implementation projects.
The project management plan will help the organization to manage all the foreseeable risks in a timely, proactive, effective, and appropriate manner. The aim of the project management process is to maximize the chances of the project achieving its objectives, while minimizing the risks and keeping them at an acceptable level. The scope and objective of the risk management plan are as follows:
In this essay, the author
Describes the scope and objective of the project management plan.
Recommends ensuring that the risks are identified and covered within the allotted time period.
Explains the risk management process is intended to cover internal and external risks. the high priority is given towards identifying the potential risks as quickly as possible within the allotted time period of six months.
Describes govori, a., measuring and managing the impact of risk on organizations: the case of kosovo.
Explains the risk management plan for flayton electronics following their breach in security of their customer's information. the project manager is responsible for reviewing and maintaining the project risk management plan.
Explains that the size of a project depends on various factors, such as the time period of the project, budget, tools and techniques, and the use of tests and strategies.
Explains hillson, simon, and jugdev, k. (2012). learning from lessons learned: project management research program.
During the planning process, outputs are created to illustrate how project tasks will be sequenced and allocated for effective TM. The PMBOK Guide describes nine processes under Project Time Management (Fig 2.) all of which (excluding no. 6) are relevant during the planning phase of the project life cycle.
In this essay, the author
Analyzes how max wideman defines tm as the use of available time and your own productivity along with the appropriate planning and management of the project schedule.
Explains that value engineering is a technique that can be adopted to seize the opportunity to add value in the early stages of the project.
Explains that lean construction is closely linked to time management and has been promoted in the egan report as a method to profitably deliver what the customer needs.
Explains that lean construction is an extension of prefabrication and preassembly considerations. when adopted in the project life cycle, higher quality and cost and time savings can be achieved.
Explains that building information modeling (bim) is a coordinated set of processes, supported by technology, that adds value by creating, managing and sharing the properties of an asset throughout its life-cycle.
Explains that many project owners are conservative risk avoiders in their strategic choices regarding risk reduction. lack of time and time pressure in the early project phase were identified as primary reasons as to why project owner are risk adverse.
Explains that the project scope statement serves as the main input when estimating the time and duration for a project. it is important to allocate appropriate time to the projects scope and project duration so that cost overruns can be avoided.
However, in some cases we need to develop strategies for them to improve their efficiency, improve their machinery, install backup generation, etc. In these scenarios, a team is developed with the consultant being the project manager or point man. Therefore, these projects require the four functions to be followed so we can develop the best possible solution. The first function used is “Planning”, which allows us to outline a strategy catering to the specific needs of our client. The “Planning” function also gives us a time table on how long the project will take to complete, who needs to be involved, and how we expect to accomplish each goal.
In this essay, the author
Explains that a manager must incorporate the four functions of management (planning, organizing, leading, and controlling) into his or her management techniques. managers who fail to implement these functions will be unsuccessful in accomplishing the primary outcome for the project or task.
Describes the four functions of management, including planning, organizing, and leading.
Explains that monitoring is an essential aspect of control. the four functions of management are vital for a manager and for the success of his or her team or organization.
Explains that in some cases, a team is developed with the consultant being the project manager or point man. these projects require the four functions to be followed to develop the best possible solution.
Explains how they divide the workload among the various members of the team, while delegating additional responsibilities to team members where needed.
Explains that the "leading" function kicks into high gear as the 'organizing' function gets under way, and team members work through their portion.
Explains that the "controlling" function is used to retrace the steps taken and devise a new or alternate strategy for portions that are not evolving as expected.
Concludes that the chances of success are slim without the use of the four functions of management to guide a manager, team leader, project manager.
After the systems planning is complete, the next course of action is the systems analysis phase. This phase includes defining the requirements of the system. This means that the team must conclude what the system needs to do in order to satisfy the users. This is done by forming a requirements...
In this essay, the author
Explains that the system development life cycle, also known as the sdlc, is the process of designing and developing a system or software to meet certain requirements.
Explains that the systems planning phase is the first phase completed in the sdlc. it involves evaluating the feasibility and the cost of the system, identifying the risks involved with implementing it, and determining the responsibilities of each team member.
Explains the systems analysis phase, which includes defining the requirements of the system and developing a system requirements document.
Explains that the systems design phase determines how the system will operate, how data will be stored, where to store it, and how it will process.
Explains that the implementation phase is the phase in which the system is built, tested, and installed.
Explains that the implementation phase includes converting data to the new systems' files, training users, and performing the actual transition. after completion of this phase, a systems evaluation is created.
Explains that the systems support and security phase is responsible for maintaining and enhancing the system. changes may need to be made to update new information, such as changing rates.
Explains the rapid application development model, which focuses less on planning and more on the prototyping of the system.
Explains that object-oriented analysis follows the system development life cycle more closely than either the rad model or agile methods.
Explains that the rad process is more similar to agile methods, in the way that they are more focused on prototyping than planning.
Explains that the system development life cycle is important to understand by information technology professionals because it helps create a system that is easily maintained, reused, and creates the most logical system.
Cites morris, k., and rosenblatt, h. systems analysis and design.