Synapse Case Study

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1. What purpose do synapses serve?
A synapse is the space between a presynaptic neuron and postsynaptic neuron. This is the location where chemical and electrical messages are transmitted from one neuron to another. Synapses are essential to neuronal function. They serve as a means of communication between neurons.
2. The brain is an organ that regulates body functions, behaviors, and emotions. Neurons are the cells that fulfill these functions. How do neurons do this? A neuron plays an important role in the central nervous system. Why? Because neurons regulate how we think, feel, and control our body functions. A typical neuron has three parts: cell body, axon, and dendrites. When a neuron receives an electrical impulse, that impulse travels
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When a chemical signal is transmitted, the presynaptic neuron releases a neurotransmitter into the synapse. The signal is then sent to the postsynaptic neuron. Once the postsynaptic neuron has received the signal, additional neurotransmitter left in the synapse will be reabsorbed by the presynaptic…show more content…
Briefly explain the process of neurotransmission. Neurotransmission starts with the neuron, the most important part of the central nervous system. A neuron contains a cell body, axon, and dendrites. When a neuron receives an electrical impulse, the impulse travels away from the cell body down the axon. The axon breaks off into axon terminals. At the axon terminals, the electrical impulse creates a neurotransmitter. The neurotransmitter is released into the synapse, a space between two neurons. If the neurotransmitter tries to stimulate a response of another neuron, it is an excitatory neurotransmitter. If the neurotransmitter does not stimulate a response of another neuron it is an inhibitory neurotransmitter. If a response is generated, the second neuron or postsynaptic neuron will receive an action potential at the site of the dendrite and the communication process will continue on. If a response is not generated, neurotransmitters left in the synapse will be absorbed by the first neuron or presynaptic neuron, a process known as reuptake. Neurotransmitters control our body functions, emotions, and
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