Symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

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The body has a natural response to immanent danger approaching. Often it undergoes a “flight-or-fight”, a physiological response to a harmful event or threat of survival. However, this reaction to danger can be damaged or altered due to Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD usually occurs after a terrifying event that involves physical harm, or the threat of it. Instead of the body having a natural response to danger, this “flight-or-fight” reaction could occur at any given, uncontrollable moment. Traumatic events including rape, child abuse, natural disasters, and car accidents are one of the many things that can trigger PTSD. PTSD was originally brought to attention when war-veterans were experiencing these symptoms. One veteran stated, “I have been diagnosed with fairly severe PTSD…I just feel out of control of my own emotions…”(Veteran 1, 2013). The instability of one’s emotions can be terrifying itself, which only emphasizes the true threat PTSD can be to one’s health.

PTSD can cause a few ways. One way for PTSD to occur is if it were to be inherited through a different sizing of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) connected to the brain’s amygdala. The amygdala can be responsible for learning when to fear an event and when not to fear an event. In particular, this involves the prefrontal cortex, which is responsible for tasks such as decision-making and judgment. One part of the FPC is the medial PFC, which subdues the amygdala and controls stress response. Another part is the ventromedial FPC, which is responsible for suppressing or helping one cope with fearful memories. By having a different size of the brain, it may affect the FPC’s ability to handle fearful events, which can lead to PTSD. Genetics also play a huge role ...

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...can help control PTSD symptoms. “They may help control PTSD symptoms such as sadness, worry, anger, and feeling numb inside”(NIH, 2013) By relieving these symptoms, it makes it easier for one to go through psychotherapy for PTSD.
PTSD does not occur very frequently when experiencing traumatic events, however a large sum of people is diagnosed with it. Flashbacks, and many other devious symptoms impair one from being able to think properly. It is one of the saddest disorders for re-living a traumatic experience on a daily basic can be terrifying. One also would have to live in fear of developing other anxiety related disorders as well. Today, scientists are experimenting on how to prevent PTSD from occurring. By experimenting with Stathmin and controlling levels of serotonin, scientists hope to be able to allow people to genetically be able to cope with fear more.
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