If psychologists completely understood how stress and fears developed, we would know how to produce and reduce a phobia or an anxiety state. We don't. There seems to be a wide variety of life experiences which result in some form of stress, fear, anxiety, or psychosomatic illness. It would be convenient if life were simpler but it isn't. Perhaps a summary will help you review the ways you might become stressed and anxious Changes, such as sudden trauma, several big crises, or many small daily hassles, cause stress.
Causes Post-traumatic stress disorder can result from various terrifying ordeals that involve physical harm or the threat of physical harm such as war, physical or sexual abuse, car accidents, plane crashes, natural disasters, etc. While it is not clear why some individuals develop PTSD and some don’t, factors such as the length of the trauma, if you were injured, how intense the trauma was, if you lost a loved one, etc. are taken into consideration when figuring out the cause of the disorder. Not everyone who has PTSD has experienced a life-threating event, but it is more likely that anyone who constantly lives through dangerous experiences will develop it. It is also more likely for individuals who have a history of mental illness, getting injured or dealing with added stress after the event, or not receiving/asking for emotional support after the trauma have a higher risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder.
Psychological Trauma can alter, destroy and create a lot of bad impacts in a person’s life. The main definition of psychological trauma is the results of unique individual experience of an unusually event that invaded a person’s sense of security and safety, making he or she feels helpless and at risk of dangerous situation, and the ability to assimilate his or her emotional experience is overwhelmed at certain situation. (Lawrence Robinson, 2011) A much more serious psychological trauma can leads to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PSTD) in certain circumstance. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PSTD) is an anxiety disorder that certain peoples can change after seeing or living through a dangerous incident or after expose to any event that results in psychological trauma. (The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), 2009).
The degree to which this affects subsequent behavior and lifestyle can be extremely drastic and potentially debilitating. Whether it is a daily transformation or a more anxious reaction to the next time one feels dizzy, panic attacks have a lasting impact on the thoughts and actions of the individuals who experience them. There are a variety of explanations for the cause of panic disorder which increasingly defi... ... middle of paper ... ...cietal views of mental illness. We seem to still be a society at least partially obsessed with the notion that scientific knowledge yields empirical expertise and validity. Taking the responsibility away from the individual and placing it, to some degree, in their genes and neuroanatomy, would surely affect a broad range of societal issues, including diminishing the stigma attached to a variety of illnesses.
The social impact associated with anxiety disorders is most often isolation, tension, and depression. Dependent on what... ... middle of paper ... ... range from discomfort to depression. Therapy and medication can improve the symptoms of anxiety disorders, although many people do not seek treatment due to fear or misdiagnosis. With proper treatment, profound beneficial effects can be achieved in the psychosocial aspects of an individual’s life. References Cromer, R. J.
This could mean that whilst making a decision, anxiety can be an outcome which could make the situation worse. “The PFC plays a pivotal role in executive functions that include: long-term planning, understanding rules, calculating the consequences of risk and reward, regulating emotions, problem solving, and decision-making. Anxiety, in both animals and humans, appears to disrupt brain neurons in the PFC that are critical for making smart decisions.” By Christopher Bergland [7th March 2016] This quote above highlights that anxiety does in fact affect decision-making in the region of the brain known as the pre-frontal cortex, and it states clearly that anxiety interferes with the neurons in the prefrontal cortex, which is important for decision – making. The use of the words “pivotal role” emphasises the importance of the role of this brain region in the decision-making
Hormones such as epinephrine, norepinephrine and others cause changes in the body. The sensory cortex interprets sensory data. Fear can be triggered due to a variety of reasons. In the book Courage and Fear by Col. Wesley L. Fox, he states that “Fear can be fed by a variety of things: negative personal thoughts about the situation at hand; the negatively expressed opinions of others involved; too much time to dwell on the situation; poor performance by oneself and/or others; a lack of support by oneself and or others; a lack ... ... middle of paper ... ...sponse, refers to a physiological reaction that occurs in the presence of something that is terrifying, either mentally or physically. Epinephrine and norepinephrine are two amino acid-based hormones that cause changes in the body such as a quick heart rate, dilated pupils, increased blood pressure and blood glucose levels.
Some of the research has found that a person’s fear response comes from the amygdala, which then ties in to how PTSD works (“Post-Traumatic Stress” 2). If a person experiences a traumatic event the amygdala can spin its gears and trigger more and more fear which stays in the mind. One then begins to relive that traumatic event over and over with heightened fear from the amygdala. Another cause would be a person’s family background. By looking at one’s past you can quickly discern who is more likely to develop PTSD in light of a traumatic even... ... middle of paper ... ...ion is to let the PTSD sufferer know that they have someone who will be there for them to help guide and support them throughout the dealing of post-traumatic stress disorder.
Some examples include a serious threat to one's life (or that of one's children, spouse, etc. ), rape, military combat, natural or accidental disasters, and torture. Sexual activity with an adult would be an example of a traumatic experience for a child. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as previously defined, is caused by an overwhelming event outside the range of ordinary human experience, such as combat, a natural disaster, or a physical assault. The symptoms include nightmares and other forms of re-experiencing the traumatic event, avoidance of situations and activities that arouse memories of the event, emotional numbness and detachment, pessimism, sleep problems, impulsive anger, jumpiness, and difficulty in concentration.
Stress also can trigger panic attacks, such as the death of a family member, or even a major change in life. When operating as an overloaded or impaired system versus a balanced system each portion of the brain plays an important role in the panic response that eventually leads to dysregulation of neurotransmitters. The initial area of impact for anxiety signals is the basal ganglia, which is located under the cortex of the brain. Underneath the basal ganglia is the limbic system, which further comprises intricate processes also involved in the panic response. The prefrontal cortex is the portion of the brain responsible for analyzing information and making decisions toward response.