Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

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Schizophrenia is a well-known emotional and mental disorder that causes hallucinations, paranoid and delusional behaviour (Hoffer 2004). In contrary to many other diseases, schizophrenia is mostly affected and caused by external environment (Young 2000). People that are suffering from this disorder usually cannot differentiate from the imaginative world from the real one. Schizophrenia is very often a result of stress and develops gradually (DeLisi 2011). It is therefore, very important to start early treatment of the disorder. To better understand Schizophrenia, one must know the symptoms, the treatments, the prognosis and the effect is has on the schizophrenic and the others around them. Symptoms (Need topic sentence) There are multiple symptoms, some symptoms of Schizophrenia last for a relatively short period of time (DeLisi 2011). Others persist for six months at a time, or longer. While suffering from these symptoms, the person finds it difficult to function socially or to perform well in school or on the job (Pleston 2007). The symptoms of some other disorders are very similar to those of Schizophrenia. The dysfunctions caused by schizophrenia can be of many different types. There can be problems with concentrations and reasoning. There can be emotional upsets, halting or nonsensical speech, and an apparent attitude of carelessness or a lack of attention may be present (Young 2000). Evidence of one of these dysfunctions alone does not suggest schizophrenia. Rather, schizophrenia encompasses a "constellation" of these symptoms, with resulting social problems or difficulties with school or job performance. In schizophrenia, these problems in functioning occur in two categories of symptoms: positive and negative. Th... ... middle of paper ... ...her it minimizes the psychotic episodes and symptoms. Once on medications, the schizophrenic should not, under any circumstance, reduce or stop the use of medication on their own. The second step to treating schizophrenia is to include psychosocial interventions, which can be either, individual therapy, social skills training, and family therapy. This step is crucial to improving and maintaining a healthy life. The last step to treating schizophrenia is building a strong support system. In doing so, the schizophrenic will be surrounded by others that are there to help them and he/she will feel safe and secure. When the schizophrenic is surrounded by all the help and people that care, it will produce a positive outlook on their situation and will avoid relapse. These three steps provide the schizophrenic an effective treatment, but these steps are a lifelong process.
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