Readings on Nathaniel Hawthorne (pp. 145-152). San Diego: Greenhaven. Gartner, Matthew. "The Scarlet Letter and the Book of Esther: Scriptural Letter and Narrative Life."
Hester's adultery creates a feeling of dismay and hostility within the people of Boston. They are not only shocked that she has done such a thing, but also because she won't reveal the name of the father of the child. Although the usual penalty for adultery is death, the Puritan magistrates have decided to be merciful to her declaring that Hester's punishment will be to stand for several hours on the scaffold, in full view of everyone. In this "powerful but painful story," (Chorley 184) Hester realizes her sin, and acknowledges that she must pay the price for her crimes. She might, Hawthorne tells us, have left the narrow-minded colony to start life all over... ... middle of paper ... ...liffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1968.
New York: St. Martins, 1991. Scharnhorst, Gary. The Critical Response to Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter. New York: Greenwood, 1992.
The Scarlet Letter. 3rd ed. Eds. Seymour Gross, Sculley Bradley, Richard Croom Beatty, and E. Hudson Long. New York: Norton, 1988.
The Critical Response to Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter. New York: Greenwood, 1992.
The Scarlet Letter: Ed. Ross C. Murfin. New York, New York: Bedford Books of St. Martins P., (1991): 58. 15. ibid. 57.
The Critical Response to Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter. New York: Greenwood, 1992.
Hawthorne, Nathaniel. The Scarlet Letter. New York: St. Martins, 1991. Scharnhorst, Gary. The Critical Response to Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter.
Even though adultery seems to be the most important theme throughout the novel, Nathaniel Hawthorne uses other themes and literary topics to make his novel The Scarlet Letter, “his most popular work” (Winship). Nathaniel Hawthorne portrays many literary elements throughout the novel to fully develop and detail his thoughts to help the reader have a better understanding of the novel. Although adultery is one of the main themes, many other themes such a guilt and blame, identities, and suggestive names, also appear in the novel. The Scarlet Letter is an example of an allegorical tale in which a lot of symbolism is used. Symbolism and theme are not the only literary elements that come up in the novel.