Symbolism In The Lottery

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From the beginning of the story, we view the powerful and governing figure, Mr. Summers. He leads the lottery because he has “the time and energy to devote to civic activities” and runs “the coal business” (Jackson 25). There are signs of a class society within the village as citizens represent both the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. He can be considered the bourgeoisie of the village due to his ownership of the company and running of the event. He exemplifies the higher class because he owns the company instead of working for it and therefore has time and energy to put into the affair. The villagers, or the proletariat, represent those that work and produce for the bourgeoisie (Rummel). The men gather, “speaking of planting and rain, tractors and taxes,” while the women “wore faded housedresses and sweaters” (Jackson 25). In contrast, Mr. Summers is dressed in a “clean white shirt and blue jeans” (Jackson 26). This represents both classes and the differences between the working and owning classes. While Mr. Summers stands at the front of the crowd at a podium dressed professionall...

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