Symbolism In Gabriel Garcia Marquez's Chronicle Of A Death Foretold

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The symbolism in Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s novella, Chronicle of a Death Foretold, emphasises the connection of the rural Colombian people and the Bible. The names, deaths, and spector activity as symbolism greatly affect the novella’s parallels to Christianity.
The Vicario family name is significant as it refers to the term vicarious, which is used to describe something done or endured by one person substituting for another; the pope is an earthly reflection of Jesus and acts vicariously for him. Twins Pablo and Pedro Vicario, the brothers of Angela Vicario, are seen as macho, honor oriented men determined to restore the family name. Pedro, despite the latin flare placed the character 's names, is a direct representations of biblical figure
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After the honor killing of Santiago Nasar and an autopsy is being performed, it becomes quite clear to the Priest performing the postmortem examination, that Santiago’s body appears to be “a stigma of crucified Christ” (Marquez, 75). Father Amador inspects the bodies many deep wounds, including those to the thorax, one in abdominal cavity, and a solo stab to the lumbar spine. The laceration to the back, demonstrates a link to Peter from biblical passages, and as stated previously represented by Pedro. Peter denied ties to Jesus despite him being one of Jesus most trusted disciples. Santiago’s stab to the back is a symbol of Peter’s denial of Christ. Under further examination, a “deep stab in his right hand” draws a further parallel for Santiago’s visage as Christ (Marquez, 75). The biblical account Luke 24:40 recalls Jesus’s showing the people his hands and his feet as a sign of truth, truth that he is the true messiah. Just as Jesus displays his wounds of veracity, Santiago’s lesions display the truth of his innocence. The autopsy report recalls “seven of the many wounds to be fatal”, in particular those puncturing his vital internal organs (Marquez, 75). Santiago’s seven fatal wounds parallel the capital vices traditionally associated with the old testament’s King Solomon who famed the group of seven ‘deadly’ sins.…show more content…
The Vicario brothers “followed Santiago Nasar with their eyes… they looked at him more with pity” rather than hatred or anger (Marquez, 16). The feeling of pity the Vicario brothers place upon Santiago does not correlate with the typical angry, fear, or remorse that are common feelings associated with murderous acts. Pity, as seen in the novella, is intertwined with sympathy; Pedro knows it was morally wrong to murder an innocent man and displaying his guilt. As the day advanced “everything continued to smell of Santiago Nasar” which lingered throughout the town (Marquez, 78). Santiago’s scent is ingrained into the town, almost like that of a poltergeist. Poltergeist are spectors commonly associated with producing noises, movements, and smells. This is a prime example of how religion and superstition play a role in the novel. The Vicario brothers could smell him in the jail cell, no matter how much the brothers scrubbed their hands, they “couldn’t get rid of the smell” of Santiago’s blood from their hands (Marquez, 78). The text above backs the idea of guilt in the novella’s society as the brothers cannot wash away the crime and sin they committed. Blood on the hands is a parallel to guilt that is a motif throughout the bible with thirty-four verses containing a direct reference to liability and blood on the hands. Pedro, while talking to an investigator,
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