The Gulf of Mexico oil spill by British Petroleum is the largest environmental catastrophe in the history of the United States (Clean & Energy, 1). Over two hundred million gallons of oil was released into the Gulf of Mexico (Clean & Energy, 1). The oil flowed for approximately three months (Clean & Energy, 1). Within that time period, the spill was responsible for eleven human deaths (Clean & Energy, 1). Extensive damage was done to the environme... ... middle of paper ... ...e 1-2.
According to "ExxonMobil Oil Spill," researchers estimate that 17 to 30 million gallons of oil leaked into the soils and aquifers of Greenpoint since the early 1950's. Other spills Exxon is responsible for and which have caused major environmental consequences are: • Baton Rouge refinery pipeline oil spill dumped 80,000 gallons into the rivers of Point Coupee Parish • Yellowstone river spill in July 2011 put 1,000 barrels of oil into the river • Mayflower oil spill in March 2013 lost 12,000 barrels of oil out at the Pegasus pipeline in Arkansas. A major VOC pollution release was the Exxon Baton Rouge Refinery Benzene leak. In June 2013, the company r... ... middle of paper ... ...cost of compliance or reduce or delay available business opportunities (including changes in laws related to offshore drilling operations, water use, or hydraulic fracturing); • adoption of regulations mandating the use of alternative fuels or uncompetitive fuel components; • adoption of government payment transparency regulations that could require us to disclose competitively sensitive commercial information, or that could cause us to violate the non-disclosure laws of other countries; and • government actions to cancel contracts, re-denominate the official currency, renounce or default on obligations, renegotiate terms unilaterally, or expropriate assets." "Environmental Stewardship through Responsible Management."
Similarly, the pipeline will increase the level of unemployment in the country. This is because construction of the pipeline will force most workers to lose their jobs. This will in turn add to the number of the already existing unemployed people in the country. From the arguments, it is evident that the negative effects of the construction of Keystone XL Pipeline supersede its positive impacts, both on the United States of America’s economy and environment. Therefore, it is important that the country takes into consideration the negative effects that might be associated with the pipeline before embarking on its construction.
BP has oil drilling projects all over the United States and operates heavily in the Gulf Coast. BP owns 4 major drilling platforms in the gulf and produces over 200,000 barrels of oil a day from the region. On April 20th, 2010, BP was operating an offshore exploratory rig named “Deep Horizon” and there was a massive explosion that killed 11 people and injured 16 others. The oil rig sank into the Gulf and continued to dump oil into the waters until July 15th, 2010. This oil spill was the largest oil spill in history, dumping nearly 5 million barrels of oil into the Gulf of Mexico.
1.Introduction and Aims The BP oil spill began on 20 April 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico on the BP-operated Macondo Prospect. On April 20, 2010, 126 workers on the mobile offshore drilling unit Deepwater Horizon were in the process of temporarily closing the exploratory Macondo oil well. That evening, an explosion abroad the drilling unit set off a chain of events that eventually led to the sinking of the Deepwater Horizon. Eleven crewmembers lost their lives and others were seriously injured, as fire engulfed and ultimately destroyed the rig. It is considered the largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry, an estimated 8% to 31% larger in volume than the previously largest, the Ixtoc I oil spill.
Flow Rate Technical Group estimated the flowing of barrels of crude oil per day at 35,000 to 60,000. The oil now covers at least 2,500 square miles in the Gulf of Mexico, with estimated 73 to 126-million gallons released. Oil remains the world’s biggest business. Every aspect of our lives depend on the refinement of crude oil for energy, plastics, chemicals, and drugs. Due to the major oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, it has become one of the world’s most hazardous concerns.
According to Deepwater Horizon Accident Investigation Report, a well control incident allowed hydrocarbons to escape from the Macondo well onto Deepwater Horizon oil rig, causing explosions and fire on the rig. The fire proceeded for thirty-six hours until the rig sank (Deepwater Horizon Accident Investigation Report). For approximately three months, hydrocarbons escaped from the container through the blowout preventers and the wellbore, resulting in a spill of national significance (Deepwater Horizon Accident Investigation Report). Worse still, eleven workers died, 205.8 million gallons of oil gushed into th... ... middle of paper ... ...ng years of failed efforts to recover from past destruction. To accomplish its restoration is the most principal challenge now encountering Gulf despite years of unsuccessful approaches to recover from previous damages.
BP, formerly known as British Petroleum, is a germane example of this trend. BP is a multinational oil and gas company located in London, England, and the sixth largest energy company globally. It has operations in over 80 countries, produces upwards of 3 million barrels per day, and has proven reserves of 17 billion barrels. BP’s 2013 revenues were almost £245 billion, with almost 86,000 employees globally. However, BP is now best known because of the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill, the largest marine petroleum accident in history, resulting in considerable health, environmental, economic, cultural and political consequences (Robertson & Krauss, 2010).
ExxonMobil is the largest publicly traded oil and gas producing company. ExxonMobil does business in 200 countries world-wide (1). Some countries are designated for exploring gas and petroleum, and some are designated for manufacturing chemicals, lubricants, and market fuels (1). ExxonMobil's world-class petroleum portfolio gives access to proven reserves of 21.9 billion oil-equivalent barrels of oil and gas, which is the highest in the industry (1). The company's discovered resources consist of 72 billion oil equivalent barrels of oil and gas.
On April 20, 2010, the Deepwater Horizon oil platform exploded and caused the largest marine oil spill in history. The platform sank about 5,000 feet underwater. The BP oil spill poured 4.2 million barrels of oil into the Gulf of Mexico. These oil spills are largely compared but were cause by completely different events. They had similar effects/damage, however.