Swine and Chicken

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Production of swine and chicken in the Philippines has been growing steadily over time, consistent with rising domestic demand due to an increasing population, greater purchasing power, and urbanization. The price of both swine and chicken have also been increasing over the years, driven by strong demand as well as the rising cost of animal feed. In response to the rising consumption, the value of swine and chicken imports have also been increasing rapidly in the past decade. Philippine exports of swine is small ($5 million in 2012) and is mostly in prepared or preserved form. Chicken, on the other hand, is often traded in parts, which creates product variety and the possibility of intra-industry trade (Briones, 2014). While the country's exports of chicken (mostly cuts and offal) is not that large, it reached $44 million in 2012—almost twice the value in 2009. The global meat market has been experiencing a rapid expansion, with exports growing over 40% in less than a decade (Briones, 2014). According to the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCAARRD, 2011), developing countries are expected to produce 60% of the world meat production by 2020—a significant increase compared to their 31% share in 1980. Animal production has been steadily increasing in ASEAN; however, for some countries this has also resulted in increased dependency on imports of feed ingredients, veterinary supplies, and exotic genetic material. The swine industry is one of the largest contributors to Philippines agriculture, second only to rice. The top producing province in 2012 was Bulacan (11.3%) followed by Batangas (6.1%). The preference of Filipino consumers for fresh or chilled pork over frozen pork g... ... middle of paper ... ...ed ingredients used in the country are yellow corn, soybean oil meal, rice bran, copra meal, fishmeal, and wheat and wheat by-products. Among these, corn is considered the most critical, as it represents about 50% of formulated animal feed rations. In the past, corn was considered as the bottleneck of both the feed milling and animal industries. However, with the implementation of an aggressive corn development program by the Philippine government, local production and supply of corn has stabilized. Recently, quality and prices of locally produced yellow corn are already competitive with imports. If domestic livestock producers face lower feed prices, they may become competitive in the international market. The recent scenario on corn production and the increasing trend in consumption paint a positive outlook for the local swine and chicken industry. (PCAARRD, 2011)

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