The major traditions of society with a qualitative aspect of tourism studies. These traditional societal aspects provide road map to solve the problem in the tourism studies. In the field tourism the development of concept of qualitative sociology was a base for the further tourism studies at the start this millennium century Erik Cohen (1988). The discussion about the tourism as disciplinary or non-disciplinary is very important academically and economically. It is very difficult to study the tourism within specific boundaries and disciplines, but helpful to promote the tourism studies in all over the world.
2. Sustainable Tourism The application of sustainability principles to tourism is the most important issue in current tourism discourse. Its profile is confirmed by any brief survey of tourism textbooks, tourism brochures, institutional websites of organizations such as the UNWTO, annual reports of global tourism players such as British Airways, as well as in the discourse of ordinary travellers who are increasingly aware ... ... middle of paper ... ...tourism is a reaction to the impacts spawned by unplanned developments, which is a form of adaptations to deal with tourism development's problems. Tourism can get from an alternative form into mass tourism, and many times is due to the pressure, but it cannot be undo from a mass tourism to an alternative form of tourism. The demand for alternative forms of tourism is on the increase and this is due to the root causes when the consequences of market demand are considered.
Recognition of capacity or limits to growth in destinations, again a relatively new concept in tourism at the time but one imported from growing thinking in this area in the recreation literature. Identification of triggers in the environment which bring about changes to a destination. Recognition of the management implications of the model and, in this sense, the practical links to the product life cycle are evident. An argument for the need to view tourism planning in its long-term context. A spatial component which argues that there would be a series of spatial shifts as development stagnated, and Universal application, namely that the model was essentially true for all tourist destinations (Butler, 1980: 45).
It is an organized action plan which includes equating the economic objectives with the quality of life of locals, conservation of environment and conservation of the heritage. Strategic tourism planning is a part of tourism policy (Edgell & Swanson, 2013). Therefore, it can be said that strategic tourism planning needed to be included in the tourism policy for achieving long term economic and social objectives. Strategic tourism planning includes many steps, such as listing the main tourist attractions and developing and enhancing those to boost the tourism (Edgell & Swanson, 2013). This includes enhancing the tourism assets and maintaining the environment to improve tourism activity in the long run.
Introduction This report was commissioned to research aspects of Globalization in tourism industry. It was requested in September 2014 by Ziene Mottiar; as an assessment as part of the Global to Local: the economic geography of the tourism industry module. This assignment will combine theory, definitions, statistics and overviews. This paper shows the overview of the globalization and new technology and in particular Internet, its evaluation and all the negative and positive impacts it has had in the tourism industry. Globalisation is presented as being very significant part of tourism industry and like many things, if not most things in life, it has a positive side and a negative side.
It also provides jobs for the locals. Stimulate sectors in hotels, bars, transport, shops, and restaurants. Tourism can also provide much-needed employment for people. It raises the profile of the place generally. Moreover, tourism gives the locality a chance to show itself off.
The notion of motivation plays an instrumental role in decision making as well as desiring satisfaction from consumer perspective. The tourism industry is highly dynamic and influenced by varying forces based on the behaviours of the consumer as well as the aspect of motivation. The concept of tourism typology contributes to a large part in comprehending the aspect of tourist needs as well as motivation. From this perspective, avenues towards satisfying and motivating tourism from around the globe can be developed. Notably, the development of tourism industry in based on the two fundamental concepts, the consumer behaviour and the typology of the tourists.
This has resulted in an imbalance in tourism development with some countries showing insufficient for example Laos and Myanmar while others like Malaysia and Singapore show prosperity. Due to the significant changes equally experienced in the developing areas (Telfer & Sharpley, 2008), member countries need to take initiatives like emphasizing and focusing on alternative tourism forms including ecotourism, sustainable tourism, pro-poor tourism, and community-based tourism (CBT) – all of which ultimately aim at generating more beneficial development for local populations (Reid, 2003) and hence a promoting a uniform development between members. Alternative tourism is used as a strategy by countries like Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. This has initiated the participation of communities through community-based-tourism to increase
Repeat customers can create a greater revenue, which mean marketing strategy is necessary to consider about maintaining the relationships with the old customers while seeking out new customers as well (Hussung, 2016). Therefore, with the special characteristics of tourism products, the role of marketing in tourism industry compared with other industries is more important and implementation of marketing tools for a country is considerable. To illustrate, marketing can offer some information about the specific place to encourage the tourists to visit their destination (Laimer & Juergen, 2009). Thus, tourism revenue and international income can be increase by good planning and administration of marketing
One key shift is the adoption of green innovation. The World Tourism Organization believes that “green innovation in tourism can trigger major economic, social and environmental benefits” (UNWTO, 2012, p. 1). This paper discusses how the adoption of green innovation in the tourism sector can lead to economic sustainability. It is essentially an extension to the UNWTO’s quote. Green Innovation for Economic Sustainability The world has come to bear with the effects of climate change in the past few years.