Sustainable Development Goals Of The United Nations

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The United Nations recently published a list of goals they hope to accomplish by 2030 called the Sustainable Development Goals. These goals will replace the Millennium Development Goals, which were set in 2000, when they expire at the end of 2015. Some of these goals include ending poverty, promoting gender equality, and improving water and sanitation conditions. Arguably, the most important goal is to “end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture” (in text citation- NY Times Article). Hunger was also an important goal on the MDG list, yet it was not fully accomplished (in text citation- Progress chart). The goals was to reduce hunger by half, and yet, the number of people who go to bed hungry is ⅛ (in text citation- open forum). This is because of insufficient methods that have been used since 2000. The Sustainable Development Goals have the potential to be successful because lessons have been learned from past mistakes and new ways have been developed to end hunger once and for all. With the eight Millennium Development Goals set to expire in a few short months, the UN, published a progress chart to show which goals are being achieved. Some of the goals are doing well, such as primary schooling. However the “reducing hunger by half” goal is not. The chart shows that two regions of the world, Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia, have high hunger with only fair progress. The rest of the regions they included have moderate hunger with very little progress. This proves that the methods used to accomplish the MDGs were ineffective and insufficient (in text citation- progress chart). The fact that the Sustainable Development Goal pertaining to hunger includes food security, nutrition,... ... middle of paper ... ...population are farmers, they still spend $50 billion a year on importing foods from other countries. Another problem the Gates addressed has to do with malnutrition in Africa which is caused by the lack of a well balanced diet. The Gates plan on distributing better fertilizer, crops that are drought-resistant and more productive, and would, therefore, increase their yields. If they are successful in doing this, then African farmers can produce more nutritious foods (Gates). The Gates also want to tackle the problem of agricultural extension which is how farmers get information. It tends to be expensive and complicated because it takes a trained professional to know the language and become familiar with the local crops. They plan to make this process more affordable and simpler by giving farmers mobile phones so they can have receive information about the weather and
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