Hunger and malnutrition are very serious issues in many different countries throughout the world. Hunger and malnutrition stem from one problem, the lack of sustainable agriculture. The United Nations has set forth a series of goals that aim to reduce the effects of hunger in the world. The first of these goals was Aba Grangou, which is a program that aims to end world hunger. The second of these goals has to do with the sheer volume of people that experience hunger, both adults and children. The United Nations has recognized the problems that come with the lack of food stability, and they have also come up with some programs that help to combat the lack of sustainable food sources. Throughout the world, millions of men, women, and children
Progress Being Made Food security is a fundamental human right. Although still far from being generally accepted, significant progress is being made. Community and nongovernmental organizations are implementing successful programs against hunger. A number of governments have adopted national policies ...
Rossett, Peter. “Preventing hunger: change economic policy.” Nature 479.7374 (2011): 472+. Academic OneFile. Web. 11 Feb. 2014.
When the topic of world hunger is broached, the majority of people’s minds will automatically equate the two words with an impossible-to-solve problem affecting only Africa. However, to make that connection is inaccurate, and ultimately damaging to the actual efforts being made towards eradicating hunger. There are more than 870 million individuals in the world who suffer from chronic undernourishment, with the majority of undernourished individuals residing in Asia or the Pacific. While Africa understandably rises to the forefront of the mind when hunger is discussed, the statistics prove that hunger permeates into a plethora of regions, and affects a wide range of countries, cultures, and age groups. Despite its wide reach, global hunger is a solvable problem. The fact that a solution has not yet been implemented speaks loudly to the lack of cooperation being exhibited throughout the world. There is more than enough food to end world hunger; it is merely a lack of proactivity and cooperation among those in power that continues to allow the problem to grow. Solving world hunger may seem to be a daunting task, but a solution is within reach as long as a more cohesive semblance of cooperation throughout the globe (including both developed and developing countries) is achieved. This cooperation would embrace the sharing of excess goods to countries in need of them, as well the establishment of sustainable agricultural systems in countries currently lacking them—goals which are only achievable through recognition of the problem and an increased involvement by the entire globe.
To the United Nations, nearly a quarter of children under the age of five are expected to remain underweight in two thousand and fifteen. The World Health Organization has reported hunger and related malnutrition as the greatest single threat to the world's public health. Improving nutrition is widely regarded as the most effective form of aid. Nutrition-specific interventions, which address the immediate causes of under nutrition, have been proven to deliver among the best value for money of all development interventions. In Africa, rates have been increasing for malnourished people (Hanson 204-5). For hundreds of millions of people, starvation is a daily threat. In the poor nations of Africa, Asia, Latin America, billions of hungry people face starvation. It begins with an ache in your stomach that eventually weakens your heart and stops beating. Today about five billion of the world’s five point nine billion live in poor nations. (“Hunger and Malnutrition” web).
To begin with, I’d like to point out that hunger kills more people every year than AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis combined. Additionally, the vast majority of hungry people (827 million) live in developing countries, where 14.3 percent of the population is undernourished (Hunger Statistics). On that note, many people like to associate population growth as a cause that will lead to the scarcity of food, which is not entirely true. There are more than enough global food resources, and yet world hunger is extensive. In fact, most hungry people live in countries that have excess in food. Therefore, increasing food production will not solve world hunger. Food is readily available to those who can afford it, which is why solving the poverty problem is part of the answer to the world hunger problem (Shah, Anup). Accordingly, we have to ask ourselves what is the main cause of poverty around the world? As Anup Shah points out, poverty around the world is a consequence, mainly due to international trade and economic policies.
The last 20 years, hunger rates have abated by almost half, however with increasing food prices, global hunger is expected to accrue as well. (Anderson, 2007). About 40 to 60 million people, mainly children, die every year because of hunger. (Robbins, 2012). Close to 200 million children under five years old are malnourished. (Robbins, 2012). Many people may ask how hunger, in developing countries, such as Africa, can be stopped or even solved. The question seems to be; does more food need to be more food produced or is there enough for everyone on earth? If there is enough food, why does not every one have plenty to stay healthy? Hunger, in Africa and other developing countries, could be significantly mitigated or even wiped out if the people in the world worked together using technology and resources available.
The majority of starving people live in developing countries, mainly located in Asia, the Pacific, and Sub-Saharan Africa. Starvation is also mostly found in low-income, rural areas. However, hunger has been on the rise in urban areas as well (“Frequently” 2). One of the major causes of world hunger is the significant lack of food security, or the ability of people to have access to healthy, nutritional food at all times, in many areas of the world (Marsh, Alagona 254). Due to this major lack of food security, the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) estimated, “that 25,000 people die each day from hunger [, and]… between 1998 and 2000, there were 840 million undernourished people in the world—nearly a sixth of the world’s population,” (“Hunger” 2). Hunger is now a larger health risk than AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis combined, and it has become a serious problem (“Frequently”
There are other ways people have tried to stop world hunger. Crop biodiversity has made progress. It is an age old insurance policy of farming communities to hedge their risk and plant diverse crops and varieties. The strategy is not to maximize the yield in an optimum year, but to maximise yields over years, good or bad, by decreasing the chance of a crop failure in a year(Tirado). While this sounds promising, it isn’t the sa...
In 1798, the political economist Thomas Malthus referred to extensive hunger as a natural system that ensured a properly sized population that was balanced with the food supply, and the global population adapted this idea as their view on world hunger (Dando 197). It was not until the 1970s when this idea began to be truly challenged. Today, commercials displaying starving African children are no rare sight. In Sub-Saharan Africa, more than 33 million children under 5 are malnourished (Stanford 46). Everyone is aware of the hunger crisis, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, but what causes this extreme hunger is not quite as well known. Hunger has stemmed from several political, economic, and environmental issues: poverty traps, climate change,
As people, we value family, education and success. Hunger is an enemy to all three. There are over 850 million people that are living with chronic hunger worldwide with majority of the people being women and children. According to scientists, studies have demonstrated that even brief periods of hunger can permanently inhibit a child's mental, emotional and physical growth. Children who are starving tend to be unsuccessfully in school which causes them to be likely to develop into unproductive adults. For families, experiencing starvation means living in a humanity of isolation and embarrassment. Caring people must put a conclusion to this concern that is facing humanity. One of the greatest feelings in the world is knowing that we as individuals can make a difference. Ending hunger in America is a goal that is literally within our grasp. World hunger is the most important challenge that faces humanity today.
Sustain global commitment: Progress towards reducing malnutrition will require a steadfast commitment from the international community. USAID recently pledged $1 billion for nutrition-specific interventions and nearly $9 billion for nutrition-sensitive activities for 2012 to 2014, and other countries have similarly stepped up their commitments.
In the past ten years the world population exceeded six billion people with most of the growth occurring in the poorest, least developed countries in the world. The rapidly increasing population and the quickly declining amount of land are relative and the rate at which hunger is increasing rises with each passing year. We cannot afford to continue to expand our world population at such an alarming rate, for already we are suffering the consequences. Hunger has been a problem for our world for thousands of years. But now that we have the technology and knowledge to stamp it out, time is running short.
Humans have become a threat to our own way of life by consuming more resources than needed, blind to the consequences that we may face in the future. As of 2016 the world population is at 7.4 billion and it is estimated to be at 11.2 billion by the year 2100. However 10 billion is the maximum population that can be sustained in terms of food security, only one of the many factors to global sustainability. Due to the fact that human consumption exceeds the amount of resources available, the United Nations “recognizes that eradicating poverty is the greatest global challenge” in A/RES/70/1. Sustainable development is not only required to fulfill the necessities of the present but to guarantee the capability for future generations to satisfy theirs.