Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula is formerly known as Al Qaeda in Yemen (AQY) was established in 1998 after the disestablishment of the Islamic Jihad in Yemen (1990-1994) and the Army of Aden in Abyan (1994-1998). The bombing of the USS Cole and the French oil tanker M/V Limburg illustrated the beginning of a threat to U.S. interest in the region by AQY. Abu Ali al-Harithi was the leader of AQY and was killed in 2002 by a U.S. drone strike. The death of this criminalist leader hampered the operations by AQY and put them in disarray. Unfortunately, in 2006 twenty-three terrorist escaped from the prison in Sanaa, Yemen which marked a critical turning point for AQY. In 2008 an Al Qaeda franchise fled across the border into Yemen due to a crackdown by the Saudi government. This franchise united with AQY and in 2009 merged under the banner of AQAP. Currently members from the groups mentioned previously hold top leadership positions in AQAP (Masters, 2011).
On an ordinary day, October 12, 2000, in the port of Aden, Yemen, a small boat pulled aside the USS Cole. The unimportant boat looked unthreatening until a suicide attack occurred. The bombing was devastating, leaving a gigantic hole in the ship, killing 17 American sailors and injuring 39. The attackers were known enemies from Al- Qaeda, which had committed attacks against other countries. The attack on the USS Cole was one of the events that triggered the war on terror, which is still going on today. The U.S. had not concerned itself with Al-Qaeda until this vicious attack. The attack on the USS Cole began a war between terrorists and the U.S; the U.S now knows how dangerous Al-Qaeda is especially after the attack of 9/11. The Cole attack woke the United States and made it aware of Al-Qaeda as a real threat.
Al Qaeda declared a holy war against the United States in 2001, before executing the terrorist act called “9-11”. In addition to this, Al Qaeda has also killed the Prime Minister of Pakistan in 2007 with a suicide bombing at an election rally, attempted a Northwest airlines bombing in December 2009, completed the March 2004 bomb attacks on commuter trains in Madrid, and their senior leader executed the London bus bombings. (cfr.org) The commuter train bombings in Madrid alone killed nearly 200 people and left about 1,800 people critically injured. (cfr.org) Al Qaeda is thought to be affiliated with the 1993 World Trade center bombings, and that was before they even declared a holy war on the United states! (cfr.org) In February 2006, Al Qaeda led an attack on the largest petroleum processing plant in Saudi Arabia. The group also did car bombings in Saudi Arabia and Kenya in May 2003 and November 2002. Also in 2002, they were responsible for the explosion of a fuel tanker in Tunisia in April, and an attack on a French tanker off the coast of Yemen. In October 2000, they bombed the U.S.S. Cole as
The origins of al Qaeda date back to August of 1988, when the organization is formed at a meeting where three crucial people to the further development of al Qaeda are present (Wander, 2008). Ayman al-Zawahiri was a lieutenant to Osama bin Laden and considered to be the brains behind the organization. He was a lifetime member of the Egyptian Islamist Jihad, until he decided to merge it into Al Qaeda in 1998. He was a member of Bin Laden’s shura council, which is believed to consist of 20-30 senior members that served as advisors to Bin Laden. The second individual present was ...
The Origins of Al Qaeda can be traced to when the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in the 1980’s. “Thousands of volunteers from around the Middle East came to Afghanistan as mujahideen, warriors fighting to defend fellow Muslims. In the mid-1980s, Osama bin Laden became the prime financier for an organization that recruited Muslims from mosques around the world.” (Hayes, Al Qaeda) This was crucial to defeat the Soviet Union. One vital person came about through this, and his name as Osama Bin Laden. The "Osama" spelling is deprecated, because there is no letter "O" in Arabic He is the proclaim founder of the group Al Qaeda. Osama believing that the war with the Soviet Union was a holy battle between Islam and the infidel. “Osama Bin Laden's experiences as a logistical coordinator and financier for the Afghan and Arab resistance to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan during the 1980s are thought to have provided the backdrop for his belief that Muslims could take effective military action inspired by select Islamic principles”. (Blanchard, 2005). While Bin Laden was in Saudi Arabia, he was exposure to teachings of conservative Islamist scholars. With his experience in Afghanistan, and knowing of Salafist. He convey a new concept known as “defensive jihad”. Us...
[xxi] Bin Laden?s right hand man ?instructed? Istanbul bombers, retrieved from the World Wide Web 14 December 2003 from http://pda.ananova.net/news/story/sm_843556.html?menu=news
On a usual day in the morning of Oct 12. 2000, in the port of Aden in Yemen; while getting fuel. A small boat pulled aside the USS Cole; the unimportant boat looked unthreating until a suicide attack occurred. The bombing was devastating leaving a gigantic hole in the ship, killing 17 American sailors injured 39 as well. The attackers were known enemies from Al – Qaeda, when had committed attacks against other countries. The attack on the USS Cole was one of events that triggered the war on terror; still going on today. The U.S didn't consider Al-Qaeda until this vicious and nasty attack. The attack awoke the United States and made them aware of Al-Qaeda as the real threat.
What do Osama bin Laden, Muhammad Atef, terrorism, and Islamic militants all have in common? They are all associated with Al-Qaida (the Base). What is Al-Qaida (the Base)? Al-Qaida is a multi-national support group which funds and orchestrates the activities of Islamic militants worldwide. It grew out of the Afghan war against the Soviets, and its core members consist of afghan war veterans from all over the Muslim world. Al-Qaida was established around 1988 by the Saudi militant Osama bin Laden. Based in Afghanistan, bin Laden uses an extensive international network to maintain a loose connection between Muslim extremists in diverse countries. Working through high-tech means, such as faxes, satellite telephones, and the internet, he is in touch with an unknown number of followers all over the Arab world, as well as Europe, Asia, the United States and Canada. “Al-Qaida supports Muslim fighters in Afghanistan, Bosnia, Chechnya, Tajikistan, Somalia, Yemen, and Kosovo. It also trains members of terrorists organizations from such diverse countries as the Philippines, Algeria, and Eritrea.” (World Islamic Front,1).
troops were staying. They killed two Australian tourists. At the same time, a group of al-Qaeda operatives were caught trying to shoot rockets at U.S. planes. In 1993, al-Qaeda bombed the World Trade Center and killed 6 people. That same year, al-Qaeda created a large plan to bomb places all over New York, but the FBI raided their warehouse and arrested 12 people. Also in 1993, al-Qaeda tried to kill the prince of Jordan, and they trained Somalis to kill Americans, which lead to America leaving Somalia. In 1995, a plan to blow up 11 jumbo jets was created, but it got edited and turned into the plans for the 9-11 bombings. There were also many other attacks by al-Qaeda from 1993 to 2000 that included car bombs and suicide bombers (msnbc.com 1). On September 11, 2001, three planes flew into the North Tower of the World Trade Center, South Tower of the World Trade Center, and the Pentagon. This was the biggest terrorist attack on the United States as it killed a little over 3,000 people, and scared the rest of the country (History.com 1). This attack was al-Qaeda’s greatest accomplishment, and after 2001, they performed many more suicide bombings and car bombs. To stop these attacks from happening and people dying, Bin Laden was assassinated in 2011. After that, al-Qaeda fell of the
Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri is a Saudi Arabian man that was accused of being the mastermind behind the bombing of the American destroyer Cole in 2000. His entire defense team, except for Navy Lieutenant Alaric Piette, had resigned in protest because the government was monitoring the conversations between the defendant and the defense counsel. Lieutenant Piette is a 39 year old former Navy SEAL that became a lawyer in 2012 when he graduated in 2012 from Georgetown University’s law school. After graduating, he would work criminal cases at Naval Station Norfolk in Virginia as a Navy lawyer for five years. Afterwards, in April of 2017, he would be hired to work on the Nashiri case. Briefly after he got hired, his whole team quit.