People of he early 20th century didn’t want any changes, a lot of people were happy with the way things were. People said “women had never voted before, why should they start now? Even Queen Victoria opposed the granting of full political rights to her own sex, believing that politics did not concern women. The Married Women’s Property Act gave women a new legal status, but women were still not entitled to vote in parliamentary elections. The Married Women’s property Act allowed women to vote for County and County Borough Council and they were allowed to become councilors.
This was the first ever women’s movement and at the time was not taken seriously. Within two years after this the WCTU was founded and was led by Frances Willard. It was Frances Willard that first put pressure on politicians to try and get prohibition passed and saloons outlawed. She wrote thousands of letters to rally together woman that believed that prohibition should go ahead in the hope that this would increase her power, and give her the chance to get prohibition passed. The women who joined her were only volunteers, but they increased the overall power of the WCTU.
“Independence is happiness.” A large supporter of women’s rights and one of the reasons women have many rights today; Susan B. Anthony was born in February 1820 in Adams, Massachusetts into a family of Quakers where women were considered equal to men. As a young woman she had been a teacher until she became involved in the temperance movement, from that time on she worked for women’s rights after she realized women were not really treated equally while in the temperance movement. Anthony worked for women’s rights but also incorporated it into other movements, temperance, labor, and education. Susan B. Anthony had a significant impact on women’s rights in American history, through organizing and participating in organizations, writing books and a newspaper, her partnership with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, voting illegally, and petitioning against U.S. Congress. In 1863 Anthony organized a Women’s National Loyal League with her friend Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
During this time, chastity was very important so many people looked down on this new idea women had for them. This is why it’s so important to study these women because it is an important change in women’s history. One of the most important women, and often most forgotten, during women’s suffrage is Alice Paul. She was the first woman to earn her Ph.D. at the University of Pennsylvania and also earned a law degree at American University. She founded the National Women’s Party (NWP) in 1916.
Having watched her older brothers attend colle... ... middle of paper ... ...be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. and even though she wasn't there to see it she was the one that led the storm of change to each state watering the tree of equality. Lucy Stone is known today for many things, among them being the first woman to graduate from college in Massachusetts, one of the first women not to change their name after marriage, the first woman to appeal before a body of lawmakers and forming The Woman’s Journal and The NWSA. Women all over the United States owe much to the work of Lucy Stone. In the history of Woman’s Rights, few can activists can compare with the determination and success of Lucy Stone.
Some may have asked themselves why? "Not because she was robbed of her personal identity and independence, but because she had experienced a progression into independence that she became to see as essential for all women. "3 The spark, which lit Anthony’s fire, began in 1852 in Albany, New York while attending a temperance rally where she quickly learned that she would not be permitted to speak because she was simply just a women. Now setting out to conquer her destiny, Anthony over the next several years would not only fight for women’s suffrage, but for universal suffrage as well. She combated the low income of women by "... pioneering for economic independence.
These reforms were often led by middle class women. The abolition of slavery became a more important topic of debate until after the Civil War. By the turn of the century, temperance societies were a common thing throughout the communities in the United States (“Prohibition”). Women advocated the unity of the family, and they believed alcohol prevented such a thing. Drunken husbands only brought about negativity to the home, and women could not support that behavior.
Alice Paul used many political strategies, such as holding the party in power responsible and campaigning for the 19th Amendment. Paul, as well as Lucy Burns, broke apart from the National American Woman’s Suffrage Association because they didn’t agree with NAWSA’s mild political strategies. As a result, they together founded the National Women’s Party. Leaders of NAWSA thought that it would be best to get suffrage laws passed state by state, while the NWP campaigned for an amendment. This approach was successful because the 19th Amendment was ratified in 1920.
The leader of the “Stop ERA Campaign” was a business woman named Phyllis Schlafly. Even though she had a law degree, she saw past her privileges feminist had gained for her and glorified the traditional roles of American women. She would open her speeches with, “I’d like to thank my husband for letting me be here tonight”, just to taunt the feminists that were listening. She argued that the ERA would bring changes to women in America that nobody wanted. Despite her protests, feminist leaders addressed the legislature and argued in support of the ERA, and was approved by The House in 1970 then in 1972 by the Senate also.
However, the writers of the Constitution had omitted women in that pivotal statement which left women to be denied these “unalienable” rights given to every countryman. Gaining the support of many, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, the leader of the Women’s Rights Movement declared at Seneca Falls that women had the same rights as men including the right to vote and be a part of government. The Women’s Rights movement gained support due to the years of abuse women endured. For years, men had “the power to chastise and imprison his wife…” and they were tired of suffering (Doc I). The new concept of the cult of domesticity supported women’s roles in society but created greater divisions between men and women.