These tubes carry the eggs to the uterus. Infections and surgeries can lead to the damage of these tubes. Hormonal issues can also be a leading cause of infertility. Some women have ovulation problems, whe... ... middle of paper ... ...nt with a child, fulfill their dreams of having a child. Commercial surrogacy is a good option because it allows the family to have a natural bond with the baby, by sharing their DNA.
Selecting the Gender of a Baby: The issue on whether parents should be allowed to choose the sex of their baby has been a major controversial issue in the recent past that has attracted huge debates between proponents and opponents of such practice. This issue has received huge attention because of long-term use of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) to help pregnant women in the United States and across the globe. This technology basically involves the transfer of fertilized human embryos into a woman’s uterus through in vitro fertilization (IVF). Advances in Assisted Reproductive Technology have contributed to various innovations such as Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis, which enables parents to choose prenatally the sex of their offspring (Bumgarner, 2007, p.1289). This technology enables parents to select the sex of their babies through the use of medical techniques.
Many people argue over if the practice is morally right or wrong. Supporters of surrogacy argue that, “Surrogacy provides infertile couples with a unique opportunity to raise a child who carries their genes. Surrogacy is a win-win proposition…” (Surrogacy.” Issues & Controversies”). Opponents on the other hand argue, “Putting a price tag on a woman 's womb is unnatural and distasteful. Indeed, surrogacy essentially assigns a dollar value to the life of a baby, which is abhorrent.” (Surrogacy.” Issues & Controversies”) Although there are many opinions of the subject, many women decide to practice surrogacy and enjoys the process of being a surrogate mother.
The process of IVF comprises of mixing the woman’s egg and the man’s sperm outside of the woman’s body, normally in a petri dish. If fertilisation is successful, the embryos that were formed in the petri dish are now transferred to the woman’s uterus to better chances of pregnancy. Louise Joy Brown, became the world first successful “test-tube” Baby born in July 1978. She was born in the United Kingdom by IVF treatment carried out by Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards. Retrieved: (IVF Description.
There, one of them may meet with the egg as it travels down one of the tubes toward the uterus. Intercourse is not the only way to get sperm in position. Another way is for a doctor to place sperm cells directly into the woman's uterus at the right time in her cycle, a technique called intrauterine insemination. These sperm can also swim up the fallopian tubes, seeking the egg. Furthermore, when the sperm meets the egg, they attempt to penetrate the egg's outer layer.
What we as women do not realize is the high cost, the process, and the outcome of these fertility treatments. Sadly couples put so much into a process, and can come out with a disappointing outcome. So I myself do not stand by fertility treatments, these things can cause too much emotional distress. One common treatment is fertility drugs, which can be injected or taken in a pill form. These drugs release hormones that induce ovulation to boost egg production, and make the uterus more receptive to embryo implantation.
Surrogate Motherhood is something that not many people actually support, even though it “is one of the many reproductive techniques that have enabled infertile couples to have children” (qtd. in Freedman). There are two types of surrogacy, traditional and gestational. The traditional type of surrogacy involves the surrogate mother being (AI) artificially inseminated with the sperm of the intended father or sperm from a donor when the sperm count is low. In either case the surrogate’s own egg will be used.
First, the female patients go through a process ovulation induction where medical hormones are prescribed and given to the female patient fo... ... middle of paper ... ...n, and there are also people who think that life begin when the sperm fertilizes the egg. The group that question this medical process are the one who believe that a human life begin when the sperm fertilizes and egg and develop the egg into and embryo. They believe that the low success rate of the survival of embryos is against moral standards because 19 out of embryos will die with the process of in vitro fertilization and it is interpreted as the loss of human lives and the rights of the embryo to survive. Thus, the in vitro fertilization is problematic and need further development. Technologies have not only an assistant to our life.
In Vitro Fertilization In vitro fertilization is a technique used to fertilize an egg outside of the woman’s body, usually done because of the failure of conception with normal sexual intercourse. For pregnancy to occur, a sperm must unite with an egg released from the ovary during sexual intercourse. Normally this joining, called fertilization, happens within the fallopian tube, which joins the ovary to the uterus. However, in some situations natural conception cannot occur because of factors affecting the couples’ fertility. In Vitro fertilization permits for the amalgamation of the male sperm cell and the female egg to happen in a laboratory instead of taking place in the fallopian tubes where this process would ordinarily happen.
This has to do both with the side effects of the fertility medications prescribed to the woman as well as the somewhat invasive nature of first retrieving eggs from the woman and then reinserting an embryo into the woman. The U.S. National Library of Medicine, for example, has indicated