Supernovas and The Creation of New Stars

Good Essays
Supernovas are extremely powerful explosions of radiation. A supernova can give off as much energy as a Sun can within its whole life. A star will release most of its material when it undergoes this type of explosion. The explosion of a supernova can also help in creating new stars.
There are two types of ways a Supernova can be triggered. The first trigger is the result of a white dwarf accumulating matter from a companion. This causes the dwarf to reach a core temperature too high to survive which in turn makes an explosion. The second trigger is when a star’s nuclear fuel is diminishing and can no longer support the release of nuclear energy. If the star’s core is large enough it will breakdown and become a supernova. Most observations of a supernova are made through spectral lines. Classification agrees with the physical classification, because large stars are made of mostly hydrogen, while white dwarf stars are plain. White dwarfs have a bare surrounding because the original star’s explosion was so great that the winds pushed the hydrogen away.
A star will blow up with the help of gravitational collapses. When a star explodes from nuclear fusion it is because so much mass has built up within its core and it cannot hold the weight. Neutrons are the only things in nature that can stop a core implosion. When a white dwarf suffers a supernova, the energy comes from the runaway fusion of carbon and oxygen in the core.
After a supernova, the core is likely to travel someplace else within space. When the core is less size than about 5 solar masses, the neutrons will halt the collapse of the star. This will create a Neutron Star. Neutron stars are observed as pulsars or X-ray binaries. When the core is very large, nothing that h...

... middle of paper ...

...ions happen. Supernovas give off many elements we have today including hydrogen and heavier elements such as iron. Supernovas also play a big role in creating new stars because the aftermath of the explosion creates an elemental environment for new interstellar reactions to occur. Discovery of a supernova was difficult at first, given the fact that most occur far away from our galaxy, but new technology now allow scientist to discover many supernova within may galaxies.

Works Cited

Thompson, Andrea. "What Is A Supernova?." N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. .

Nave, R. "Supernovae." Hyper Physics. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. .

"Supernovae." Supernovae. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. .
Get Access