Solar flares, huge explosions of gasses, gamma rays and ultra-violet rays. These massive flares that come from the solar atmosphere are what I will be analyzing and teaching you about in this essay. Solar flares have had a profound effect on life and resources on earth throughout the history of our planet. Nowadays we are aware of the causes of solar flares and the damage that solar flares are capable of. Throughout this essay we will look into what solar flares are and how solar flares affect life and recourses on Earth.
The sun has multiple “layers.” The suns’ photosphere is the visible sun, which is what we see. It is one of the coolest regions of the sun being only 6,000 degrees Kelvin. It is 500 kilometers deep and the suns’ convection brings the energy up to the photosphere. The chromosphere is only seen during an eclipse and it looks like a thin pink line. For reasons unknown, the chromosphere is hotter than the photosphere and can range anywhere from 6,273 degrees Kelvin to 20,273 degrees Kelvin.
This inconvenience caused higher fuel consumption amounts and thus a higher cost for airlines to operate during this period. Additionally, the SOHO satellite had to be placed into safe mode so it could brace the impact from this flare (Young). However, the Sun was not finished just yet. On October 29, sunspot 486 ejected yet another solar flare, this time of the X11 variety (Phillips, Oct. 29). Meanwhile, the CME emitted on the 28th hit the Earth in under 18 hours, creating auroras that were vis... ... middle of paper ... ...m, 29 Oct. 2003.
Venus is the second planet from the sun and the sixth largest. Scientists sometimes refer to it as the morning or evening star. It has an extremely slow rotation which means that its year is actually shorter than its day; one day on Venus is about two hundred and forty three Earth days, while one year is two hundred and twenty five Earth days (Exploration). The distance from the sun is 67,232,400 miles (Distance), being that close to the sun, Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system, the average temperature is 864 degrees Fahrenheit but it can get to over 900 degrees, which is hot enough to melt lead (Coffey). The size of Venus is very much like that of Earth, just a little bit smaller (Coffey…Size).
Did you know that the sun’s core can reach about 15 million degrees Celsius? This bright star has many significant happenings. These interesting occurrences include sunspots, solar winds, coronal mass ejections, and solar flares. Sunspots are cool, dark-colored regions of the photosphere related to a shifting magnetic field inside the sun. However, sunspots are only dark in our perspective.
There are gases on the Sun that move and flow. The Sun might look small when we look at it from Earth, but actually the Sun is far from the Earth by about 93 miles away. The Sun might appear as if it’s a solid surface, but it’s made up of other layers. The circulation of gases within the Sun creates magnetic fields that stretch out into space. This causes areas of the photosphere to be cooler than others.
Their acute differences in their tectonic framework and their quantities of liquid water affect the geological theories behind the formation of the surface of Earth and Mars. By investigating these similarities and differences, geologists can grasp and acquire a better understanding of the evolution of these two planets. Mars, named after the Roman war god, is known as the Red Planet due to its’ red or pink appearance as it glows in the night sky. Galileo first saw Mars around the year 1610, since then numerous others have viewed the mysterious planet. Just to name a few, Michael Carr in The Surface of Mars (1) describes the trail of Mars’ historical observations; starting with Huyghens in 1659 who verified that Mars, like Earth, had a north-south rotation in a 24-hour period, Cassini who observed polar caps on Mars in 1666, and Herschel who, in the late 1700’s, determined that Mars had seasons much like Earth.