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Summary Of H. J. Mccloskey's On Being An Atheist

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In H. J. McCloskey’s On Being an Atheist article, he argues against two philological design arguments: the cosmological argument, and the teleological argument. He also discusses his views on theists’ faith, the existence of evil, and free will. McCloskey states in his article that theists’ views on atheists are wrong. This statement I found out was true after reading his entire article. My previous view was that atheists did not care about following rules or being moral. I also believed that they are bad people. I understand now that an atheist can be a good person who wants the world to be good. Additionally, I see what their true thoughts on the existence of evil and God is. In this paper, I will respond to his arguments against the two philological design arguments and the statements he makes about faith, the existence of evil, and free will.
McCloskey states in the second paragraph of his article that “proofs”
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His main point is that if God did create the universe, he must have been malevolent, because of the evil in the world (McCloskey 1968). This is a statement that is made by McCloskey multiple times in his article. This makes me believe that the biggest issue he has with theism is the belief that God exist as well as evil and God allows that evil.
McCloskey states that for there to be proof of God, there must be indisputable examples of design and purpose. He goes one to mention that there are not any of these examples (McCloskey 1968). He is right in saying that there are no physical, concrete examples of God. However, the viewpoint of Evans and Manis support that there is a need for a necessary being. This is the only kind of argument supporting the existence of God. So, even though McCloskey is correct in saying theists lack indisputable examples of design and purpose, many philosophers support the idea of there being a necessary
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