Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory will be applied throughout this essay to delve into the reasoning behind particular behavioural issues. According to Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory, an individual has multiple environments known as their ecological systems (Bronfenbrenner, 1994). Bronfenbrenner (1994) suggests that a developing child is influenced by the relationships surrounding them and the best way to understand a child’s behaviour is to look at the numerous aspects of the child’s environment and how they interact with each other. The relationships and environments that the child interacts with have been separated into layers known as the microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem and the overarching chronosystem (Bronfenbrenner, 1994). The microsystem is the environment where the child has direct face-to-face relationships such as at home, day care and school (Bronfenbrenner, 1994).
Constructivism and Social Constructivism it will explain the role of these perspectives in understanding child development. It is argued that the genetic blueprint can interact with the environment to encourage development. The process of genes and environment working together is often referred to as epigenetics and shows how environmental factors which can affect a parent can change the types of genes passed onto their children. Looking at Physical Development it can be seen if the process of genes and environment operating together influence development. As the environment is constantly changing humankind needs to have changeable characteristics, some of which are physical, this is known as “Developmental Plasticity”.
These social trends and implications have a large umbrella of influence and even have close impact on individual children within the adoption system. Conclusion A child going through the process of adoption experiences many different settings and situation, the accumulation of these environmental elements are what shape and influence the overall development of the child. Bronfrenbrenner’s ecological theory organizes and characterizes these environments and their influence on the individual as well as emphasizes the importance of their relations with the child as well as with one another in affecting the advancement of the individual (Hong et al., 2011). The ecological systems theory therefore acts as a framework in an effort to understand all that influences a child as they experience adoption and all that proceeds and follows it.
Knowingly, eating has both has a positive or negative, physical and emotional component. Building up an achievable eating plan may be an especially difficult part of a self-care planning. So how can one fit in this aspects to one’s life? Making changes is easier said than done, but making changes while having no time is even more challenging. In the world of today, it appears as though everyone is busy, which influences the food options we make.
Belongingness and love 4. Esteem 5. Self-actualization and self-transcendence The physiological needs represent the most basic needs that determine our survival- e.g. food, water, sleep, warmth, etc. The safety needs come next and include shelter, healthcare, a steady income, etc.
Theory of Needs by Maslow Dr. Abraham Maslow, wrote the theory of Hierarchy of Needs. This theory has the five levels to be acquired for every human; the first level talked about physiological point of view. People have to be able to breathe, find a way to feed and drink water, sleep, excretion, and sex. After all this is cover the second level will come into place. The second level is about finding resource for safety and secure life style.
Human development issues have remained critical in understanding how and why people behave the way they do. Several human development theories exist to explain human development from birth through to death. Some of these have focused on the psychological aspects of human development while others on the cognitive aspect (Piaget, 1971; Lerner, 2001; Swick and Williams, 2006). Other human development theories have also focused on the social and environmental aspects (Bronfenbrenner & Bronfenbrenner, 2009; Swick, 2004). This current essay examines one of the major social theories relating to child development.
Social bringing during childhood (nature). While the cognitive approach emphasizes on mental structures such as schemas, perception and memory, constantly being changes by environment. Humanism theory leans on the nurture side, as Maslow emphasizes the basic physical needs. The humanism approach “explained how society influenced a person’s self-concept” Lastly, behaviorism theory believed behavior is learn from the environmental through conditioning. Practically in today’s views, debate for nature and nurture are taken out from a dilemma to consider t to be influences by both concepts, nature and nurture.
My Personal Health My personal health has been something I constantly think about. Whether it’s myself, my parents, my doctor, or others that bring it up, I’m reminded that I need to eat healthier or exercise more, etc. I know that I need to get better about what I eat and try to work more exercise into my daily routine, I just find it hard to find the motivation to go and actually accomplish what I know that I need to do. Especially in today’s society where we’re surrounded by a lot of non-healthy food, and getting access to healthy food is more expensive than the latter, it’s hard to make the better choice and choose the healthy option. I’m hoping now that I’m in college that I’m able to get better at taking care of myself than I have in the past.
Developmental psychologist, Urie Bronfenbrenner generated a bioecological theory of human development. According to him, the social context of a person’s interactions and experiences determine the degree to which individuals can develop their abilities and realize their potentials (Berns 17). Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological theory describes how a child’s development is affected by their relationships and social interactions with their outside environment. His theory provides a model that examines “the whole picture of the developing child” (Berns 16). Bronfenbrenner’s theory permits logical study of interactions between the developing child and their social environment.