Summary In Tsar Nicholas And The Decembrist Revolution

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In Tsarist Russia, the conflict between the Nobility and the Serfs were at an all-time high, especially have the Decembrist uprising in 1825 at the beginning rule of Nicholas 1. As for Tsar Nicholas who ruled from 1825-1855, as Chapter 18 states that Nicholas was “obsessed with keeping Russia sealed off from Western ideas”. This state of mind was heighten with the Revolutions of 1848 of Central and Western Europe. For Example, Tsar Nicholas established the Third Section who were the political police, who tried to seal off the ideas from reaching the people. In trying to do this, they found out that it was impossible to completely seal off the entire empire. As Merriman states in Chapter 18, that many men were influential in spreading the reality…show more content…
Tsar Alexander in 1861 emancipated the Serfs in which he was hailed as a hero by the Serfs in Russia. This attempt was entirely clean not bloody. By April 5, 1861, Russia became the last European state to be free of serfdom. Merriman continued with the reforms that Tsar Alexander rooted out. He established “district or village assemblies” which were called “zemstvos”, he also established “councils” which went by another name called “dumas”. As Alexander continued to grow a loyal following (especially in the military), we can see that the Russian Empire began to grow day after day. One instance of Tsar Alexander flexing his newly gained military muscle was in Poland, when the Polish revolted and were crushed by Alexander. Alexander integrated zemstvos and transformed Poland into a province. The new movement in these regions was the growth of “Pan-Slavism”, which proclaimed that all Slavs were family, this new rising mood was holding firm by the Austrians and the Hungarians who prevented Russia from reaching the Dardanelles Strait in the Russo-Turkish War. This hindered the Russians, but did not stop them from conquering Turkistan and then reaching Afghanistan. The Russian Empire now controlled “one-seventh of the world’s land…show more content…
The Revolutionary group that he talks about is the “Nihilists” who believed that the emancipation of the Serfs would help them in their cause of rising up against their oppressors according to Merriman. Some Nihilist were more aggressive than the others especially a group called the “Land of the Freedom” and “The Organization” which plotted Assassination attempts on the Tsar. Another group that were known in Russia, which were closer to the more insane side of things, were the Anarchist that was headed by “the devil in the flesh”, Michael Bakunin. He mainly believed according to Merriman, that “destruction is a creative passion”. The last group to mention was the Populists, which was based off nihilism and “believed the Slavophiles faith of peasantry”, also according to Merriman that they were “Romantic Collectivists who idealized the Russian peasant community.” With all of these Revolutionary ideals sparking up in the Empire, Tsar Alexander escaped numerous assassination attempts and was basically forced to disband the Third Section from fear of an uprising. Even though he was assassinated by the “People’s Will” who threw a bomb at the Tsar’s
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