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Summary: A Defense Of Abortion

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Abortion is "the intentional termination of a pregnancy which may include the loss of life of an unborn entity". During the eighth week of pregnancy, the development of the unborn entity known as the Fetus- an unborn offspring- begins, where brain activity becomes detectable. Note, the fetus is not considered Viable until the twenty-fourth week of pregnancy (S. Morris MarquisHO). According to Professor Steven Morris, a fetus becomes a person when it has sentience, viability, brain activity, self-consciousness, etc. "While many people agree that a day-old embryo does not have rights, most people agree that a fetus has rights on the day before it is born". Analyzing the following case: "In order to avoid pregnancy, Sue, a single 23-year-old…show more content…
Thomson believes that the abortion issue cannot be decided strictly by determining whether or not the fetus has a right to life. She argues that even if we grant that the fetus is a moral person (has the right to life), it is not always the case that abortion is morally impermissible (S. Morris ThomsonHO). She understands that even if a fetus has a right to life, that does not necessarily outweigh the mother's right to do with her body as she sees fit. Therefore, the fetus' right to life is not absolute. Thomson uses the example that in order to save the mother's life due to a cardiac condition, she will die if she carries the baby to term. The fetus, being a person, has a right to life, but as the mother is a person too, so has she a right to life. An argument for this case is by having an abortion, you are directly killing the fetus, whereas if the mother were to die by giving birth, she is not being directly killed, just simply letting her die. If the mother were to perform the abortion on herself in order to save her own life, it would not be considered a murder (Thomson p41-42). "Everyone has a right to life, so the unborn person has a right to life" (Thomson p43). In certain cases (rape) she indeed believes that it is permissible to abort the fetus, but not always. If it is…show more content…
Marquis solely believes that aborting the fetus at all costs is killing them. He is not interested in finding out whether or not the fetus is the person. He pursues his arguments on why we hold murder to be the worst crime and why would we hold it wrong to end the life of a permanently unconscious person. If the 23 year old woman Sue becomes pregnant due to her own fault, can she take care of a life? Let's say she has no one to help her take care of the child, no money, but doesn't want to live knowing that she put a daughter or son up for adoption because she couldn't take care of him or her. At this point, why is it still morally impermissible? Under any circumstance, the child cannot be cared for and will eventually end up dying due to lack of care. Sue is still technically killing the child by not giving the child the care it needs to live, so wouldn't that be the same as an abortion? Either way, the child ends up being killed based on the decision that the mother makes. If she decides to abort the child, she is not the one performing the duty, the doctor is. If she decides to keep the child, she is killing because she already understood the circumstance of having the child would lead to it
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