Suicide Prevention And Control Of Suicide

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Suicide is defined as taking of one’s own life on purpose, whereas suicidal behavior refers to the action that can cause a person to die for example, drug overdose, jumping off a bridge, or cutting one’s wrists (Rogge, 2015). Statistics on suicide include the following: in 2013 there were 41, 149 suicides in the US, suicide is the 10th leading cause of death for all ages, nearly 9.3 million adults had suicidal thoughts in the past year, method of suicide is the use of firearms among men compare to poisoning among women, and adults who attempted suicide also had a suicide plan in place (National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 2015). There are also age group (students in grade 9 – 12) differences for example, nearly 17% considered attempting suicide in the last 12 months, 8% of student had attempted suicide at least once in the past 12 months, and method of suicide attempt was injury, poisoning, or overdose (National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 2015). Discuss what factors are relevant to look for in assessing suicidality in general and those particular to your chosen group. There are general risk factors for suicide and attempted suicides. They include mental illness, substance misuse, chronic illness, unemployment/poverty, self-injury, history of suicide in family, having exposure to a traumatic event, child abuse (include neglects), and are a member of sexual minority group for example, LGBT (McLean, Maxwell, Platt, Harris, & Jepson, 2008). Additional risk factors include previous suicide attempt(s), barriers to accessing mental health treatment, easy access to lethal methods, feelings of hopelessness, and isolation (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015). There are mental health disorders t... ... middle of paper ... ... suicidal ideation; to terminate all suicidal urges, express hope for the future, and remain abstinent from all mood-altering substances; placement at the level of care necessary to protect the client from his/her suicidal impulses; understand the relationship between suicidal ideation and addiction; and develop a sense of worth to other addicts and family members (Perkinson, Bruce, & Jongsma, 2014). Therapeutic interventions include exploring the client’s reasons for suicidal ideation: feelings of helplessness, hopelessness, and worthlessness; assess the client’s insight into presenting problems, have them sign a no-self-harm contract that state that they will not harm themselves while in treatment; refer to a psychiatrist for medication management, and challenge self-defeating thoughts and replace them with positive self-enhancing thoughts (Perkinson et al., 2014).

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