Suicide

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Suicide is intentional self-inflicted acts that end in

death("Suicide," Compton's). After a series of traumatic

events, normal coping abilities can be pushed over the edge;

the result may be suicide. In each year, an average of

30,000 suicide deaths occur in the United States. It is

estimated that 5,000 of those suicides are committed by

teenagers(SAVE, 2). One major reason that the suicide rate

among teenagers is so high, is that the teenage years are a

period of commotion. New social roles are being learned,

new relationships are being developed, bodily changes are

occurring, and decisions about the future are being made

during the teenage years.

Teenagers tend to commit suicide after large changes,

significant losses, or abuse has occurred in their lives. An important change

in a relationship, school or body image

may contribute to a teenagers' tendency to commit suicide. The death of a

loved one, the loss of a valued relationship,

and the loss of self esteem are some significant losses

which might be a factor in teen suicide("The Real World

[Suicide: Facts]," 1). Perceived abuse such as physical,

emotional, psychological, sexual, social abuse or neglect

can lead to self-murder("Teen Suicide," 3). Significant

changes, losses, and abuse can promote suicidal tendencies. Few suicidal

people have some type of depression, yet

those who have one can be provoked to commit suicide. There

are two main types of depression suffered by (, 2)

suicidal people("Suicide," {Grolier}). The first type is

reactive depression. This type of depression is the

reaction of a difficult and often traumatic experience. Endogenous depression

is the second type of depression. It

is the result of a mental illness which is diagnosable by a

professional. Some suicidal people have a combination of

both reactive depression and endogenous depression. Others

could have a depression which is undiagnosed. A persistent

sad mood, thoughts of suicide, persistent physical pains

that do not respond to treatment, difficulty concentrating,

irritability and fatigue are some symptoms of

depression(American Psychiatric Association, 4). If a

person has four or more of the symptoms lasting for more

than two weeks, that person could have a type of depression. Those people

with mental illnesses such as schizophrenia and

clinical depression have much higher suicide rates than

average(Tom Arsenault, 2).

Teenagers display warning signs of suicide. The

indications come in two ways. First exhibited are the early

warning signs. These signs include difficulties in school,

depression, drug abuse, sleep and eating disturbances, and a

loss of interest in activities. Restlessness, feelings of

failure, overreaction to criticism, overly self-critical,

anger, and a preoccupation with death or Satan are also some

signals teenagers contemplating suicide will give("Teen

Suicide," (, 3)

3). The other type of clues are late warning signs.

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