The following year, imports returned to trend as domestic production recovered and world prices increased. Sugar imports of ASEAN countries have risen considerably since 2004. However, the Philippines exports very little of the commodity to these countries. Indonesia and Malaysia, the two largest importers in ASEAN, obtain most of their sugar from Thailand and Brazil. Brazil is the largest sugar exporter in the world with 37.6% export value share in 2012, followed by Thailand with 11.7%.
The turnover of the sugarcane and sugar related economic activities are in the range of Rs. 800-850 billion per annum (Government of India 2013). Sugar industry in India has both organized and unorganized sugar producers. The organized sector is the sugar mills and the unorganized sugar producers produce mainly Gur and Khandsari. Approximately 40-50% of total sugarcane produced is diverted to these unorganized sector for the production of Gur, 40-45% is diverted to sugar mills for sugar production and 8-12% of cane is utilized for seed and chewing (Kulkarni 2003).
World’s textile trade is $18 trillion and is growing with the rate of 2.5% annually but Pakistan’s total share in world’s textile trade is less than 1%. There are some problems which create hurdles in helping the textile industry to grow like power crises, old technology, lack of infrastructure, security situation, govt. support, high taxes and duties in the export countries and lack of access to the global markets etc. Pakistan gets about $10.2 billion of its $12.5 billion textile export revenue from 20 countries. However, it accounts f... ... middle of paper ... ... Finance department has 3 members, Export department consist of 2 members, IT has 2 members, PPC has 2 members, Purchase department consist of 2 members, commercial department has 2 members, Merchandizing has 8 members, cutting has 25 members, production department t comprises of 36 members, finishing department is of 44 members, packing department has 20members 200 workers are on wages/piece rate workers in which majority of workers are stitchers, other workers includes clippers and pressmen.
The 2010 United States Census revealed that the average American consumes 147 pounds of “caloric sweeteners”; an assimilation of high fructose corn syrup, cane sugar and beet sugar. More specifically their consumption averages to .4 pounds per day and equates to an astonishing 180 grams. Consequentially the average American greatly exceeds the limitations suggested by the USD and AHA. Soft drinks are a key factor resulting in the overconsumption of sugar. According to the Coca Cola Corporation, a 12 ounce can of Coca Cola contains 39 grams of sugar(Coca Cola Company) .
THE INDIAN TEA INDUSTRY India is one of the world's leading producers of tea - 23 per cent share by volume in 2013. The main growing regions lie in Northeast India, including Assam, the Darjeeling district and the Dooars region of North Bengal, and in the Nilgiris in South India. The tea industry is one of the oldest organized industries in India with a large network of tea producers, retailers, distributors, auctioneers, exporters and packers. Total tea production in the world has exceeded 4 billion kgs with India producing about 1 billion kg of tea. During 2008 to 2013, black tea production in India increased at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.6% while consumption
Rupees in Millions 2013 2012 Percent Change Sales and other revenues 5,952 4,419 35 % Net earnings 397 273 45 % Earning Per Share (EPS) 15.70 10.76 45 % Business lines include : Sugar Mehran's core business is sugar manufacturing. It’s a matter of pride to be one of the leading sugar producers in Pakistan. Ethanol Investment in a JV company producing ethanol, Unicol Limited, its production is 30 Million litres annually from converting molasses to Ethanol. Unicol Limited is amongst Pakistan's leading ethanol producers as well as exporters. Farming Farming as a separate profit centre with an objective to cultivate high yielding sugar cane varieties, and the best seed used to improve quality.
Tea is the most generally devoured refreshment. India and China are individually the biggest and second biggest makers and customers of tea. These two nations together record for half of world's tea creation.. On the other hand they trade not exactly a quarter of their generation, because of substantial household request. According to an overview on utilization of refreshments, Tea represents 90%, Filtered espresso 4%, Malted wellbeing refreshments 2%, moment espresso 2% ,and carbonated soda pops simply above 1% of aggregate culminated squashes, Concentrates, Mineral water represent a minute piece of the utilization. There are different fares driven tea creating nations like Kenya, Sri Lanka and Indonesia who deliver just 25% of world tea however control half of worldwide exchange.
Sugarcane is an important industrial crop for the tropical and subtropical region of the world. It is produced in more than 100 countries, with global production of 174 million tonnes sugar. It accounts for about 80 percent and sugarbeet for about 20 percent of total sugar produced (FAOSTAT, 2008). In 2010, 1,682 million metric tonnes (MT) of sugarcane were produced worldwide in a total area of 23.8 million hectares (ha). Brazil is the largest sugarcane producer, contributing with 40% of the world production (719 MT) followed by India (278 MT), China (111 MT), Thailand (68 MT), Pakistan (50 MT), Colombia (38.5 MT), Australia (31 MT), Argentina (30 MT), United States (27.5 MT), Indonesia (26.5 MT) and the Philippines (23 MT) (FAOSTAT, 2011).
It is the fourth largest importer of tea in the world after Russia, Egypt and United Kingdom. it has a market of 170 million kg for Black tea which is imported from 21 different countries including Kenya, Indonesia, Srilanka, India and Bangladesh. In 1977, the price of Srilankan tea rose too high that Pakistan started to import tea from Kenya and now it imports around 50% of tea from Kenya and the remaining 50% from other countries. Despite so many options available in the beverage industry, tea has always been a choice of millions of consumers in both urban and rural areas. Tea is generally considered the oldest beverage.
Hershey Company’s market share is 30.5%, Mars Inc is 24.2%, Nestle SA is 10.1%. In 2013, America chocolate industry revenue is $15.5 billion and profit is $2.1 billion. In the past 5years the average annual growth is about 1.5% (Exhibits 1). Because of lower per capita disposable income in 2008, the consumers turned to buy cheaper candy and chocolate. The sales vol... ... middle of paper ... ....