Successful Revolutions

582 Words3 Pages
This essay examines revolutions in order to find reasons for their success and failure. To prevent having a narrow view or making false conclusions, I will use a wide range of different failed and successful revolutions from different regions and different eras. This will inevitably limit the depth of analysis of a specific case study. To properly determine the factors affecting success or failure of a revolution, it is first necessary to clearly define what is meant by ‘revolution’. Robert Dix defines revolution as “a process intended by its initiator to win power by violent means, in order to effect a radical restructuring of a country's polity, economy, society, and external relationships.” (Dix 1983, 423) Skocpol furthermore says that “[T]he word ‘revolution’ [has a] modern connotation of a fundamental socio-political change accompanied by violent upheavals from below.” (Skocpol 1988, 151) Both of these definitions take violence as a necessary part of a revolution. That, however, is too narrow a view. It is possible for revolutionaries to use other means, such as strikes and n...
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