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Success And Longevity Of Ancient Egypt

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Ancient Egypt occupied the role of the leading civilization for nearly thirty centuries. After the unification of Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt in 3100 B.C.E., the unified nation prevailed until it was conquered in 332 B.C.E. by Alexander the Great. The success and longevity of the Egyptians are due to their geographic position allowing natural fortification of their territory and the Nile River, which is an important economic asset, the pharaoh’s power allowing for continued unity, as well as their bureaucratic system maintaining stability throughout the nation.
The main reason why Egypt lasted for almost three thousand years is because of its natural fortifications, which protected the Nile Valley from being conquered. To explain, the Nile
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As a result of stable ruling, Egypt was prevailed for almost thirty centuries. Additionally, the government played a great role in maintaining stability which contributed to Egypt’s success and longevity. Roles such as transporting food to famine areas, lessening the effects of poor floodings, arbitrating in local conflicts, overseeing justice, improving citizen security, expanding food production such as creating a water reservoir and expanding trade mostly during the Middle and New Kingdom were executed by the government. Also, the pharaohs and vizier had important roles in the government. To elaborate, the pharaohs had the following roles in Egyptian society: appointing a vizier and other officials such as the members of the administration, leading and protecting their people, commanding the army, and ruling unified Egypt, whereas the vizier had the task of managing the royal residence, collecting taxes, supervising public work, commissioning artisans, overseeing the role granaries, the military and the police. An example of when the bureaucracy helped arbitrate a conflict during the Middle King was when a rich landowner misled and tricked a peasant to cut through his land. As the peasant walked, his donkey stopped and started to eat the land. Consequently, the landowner demanded a monetary compensation and to keep the donkey.
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