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Substance Abuse and Addiction

explanatory Essay
1946 words
1946 words
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Introduction
Substance abuse and addiction have become a social problem that afflicts millions of individuals and disrupts the lives of their families and friends. Just one example reveals the extent of the problem: in the United States each year, more women and men die of smoking related lung cancer than of colon, breast and prostate cancers combined (Kola & Kruszynski, 2010). In addition to the personal impact of so much illness and early death, there are dire social costs: huge expenses for medical and social services; millions of hours lost in the workplace; elevated rates of crime associated with illicit drugs; and scores of children who are damaged by their parents’ substance abuse behavior (Lee, 2010). This paper will look at the different theories used in understanding drug abuse and addiction as well as how it can be prevented and treated.
Theories (models) in understanding substance abuse and addiction: older versus newer
Any comprehensive theory (model) of substance abuse has to answer several difficult questions: What environmental and social factors in an individual’s life cause them to start abusing a drug? What factors cause them to continue? What physiological mechanisms make a drug rewarding? What is addiction, behaviorally and physiologically, and why is it so hard to quit? These questions can be answered in the major theories (models) that are described below using an integrative approach that addresses the problem of substance abuse and addiction as an urgent but elusive goal (Kauffman & Poulin, 1996).
The moral model: The earliest approach to explaining substance abuse was to simply blame the drug abuser for a lack of moral character or a lack of self-control. Explanations of this sort often had...

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...lcohol policy, looking back and moving forward.
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In this essay, the author

  • Explains that substance abuse and addiction are a social problem that afflicts millions of individuals and disrupts the lives of their families and friends.
  • Explains that not all individuals who use an addictive drug become addicted. biological factors, such as sex, and genetic predisposition, are responsible for this differential susceptibility.
  • Opines that the development of effective treatment programs is a pressing concern given the health and social costs of substance abuse and addiction.
  • Describes tian, mao, wang, li, zhou, q, cao j, & xu l.
  • Explains the major theories of substance abuse and addiction using an integrative approach that addresses the problem as an urgent but elusive goal.
  • Explains that environmental stimuli can rapidly become strongly associated with the subjective effects of substance abuse and addiction.
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