The Use of the Submarine During the American Civil War
I have always been an American history buff. I was aware that the first use of the Submarine during war was during the American Civil War. Since learning this fact, I had become, in a sense, amazed with submarines - thus, I have become rather interested in them. I found this paper as a good chance to learn more, a lot more, about early submarines and the evolution of them.
With the ability to sink both large and small warships with the same percent chance, the value of the submarine is great because it was much cheaper to build than larger warships in the late 19th and early 20th century.
...erwater vessel capable of attacking war ships with stealth were available. The Huntley group was the most avid and produced several models. Eventually, they achieved success as the Confederates took bolder and possibly more desperate steps to build working submarines. They had limited success in attacking a Union vessel, unfortunately the sub also sank killing the crew.
This view was to suddenly change when, on 17 September 1914, the German submarine force proved the importance of undersea warfare. On that day, the German submarine U-9 spotted a cloud of smoke and penetrating masts on the horizon. As they came closer, Otto Weddigen, commanding officer of the U-9, could make out three cruisers steaming abreast at a speed of about 10 knots. Each was seperated from the others by two miles. Weddigen gave the order to dive. At 6:20 a.m., he ordered the first torpedo fired. It hit the cruiser HMS ABOUKIR, which began to list heavily. Within 25 minutes, she had capsized and sunk. ABOUKIR had been cruising with her sisters HMS CRESSY and HMS HOUGE. When ABOUKIR was rent by an explosion and sank, the commanding officers of the CRESSY and HOUGE assumed that she had struck a mine. They closed in and began rescue operations. HMS HOUGE was next to go. Two torpedoes struck her hull --sinking her in less than 10 minutes. A glimpse of the U-9's periscope suddenly made CRESSY's captain aware of what had occured. CRESSY tried to make a run for it. It was too late. At 7:17 a.m., Widdigen fired two more torpedoes. CRESSY rolled over on to her beam ends. Fifteen minutes later, she joined her sisters at the bottom.
These are the three main nuclear powered submarines that are currently utilized in the U.S. Navy. They have sunk many ships during battle especially during World War II and during the attacks on Pearl Harbor. Robert Ballard explores the depths of the ocean in search of explanations as to why the U.S. Navy was able to defeat the Japanese to easily . In that particular exploration, he discovered the infamous ship, the Lusitania (Ballard and Dunmore 29). The ship was known for its safe voyages, pristine and innovative technology in the naval world, and notorious ability to to withstand any situation (NOAA). The lost of the Lusitania provoked great outrage in the United States and encouraged the public to allow America to join the war. It also marked the end of "civilized" manners of warfare in the 19th century. Ballard answered the question on how the ship sunk and proved some conspiracies were just that, false rumors to rouse people. This discovery of the sad shipwreck allowed future submarines to learn that coal was not a good source of fuel because that was what lead to the second explosion that sunk the ship (Ballard and Dunmore
The first notable example of the turtle’s obstacles is shown in a simile. Ryan portrays the turtle’s movement as “graceless, like dragging/ a packing-case places” (5-6). When one is struggling to move a heavy package, one usually starts to push or pull it slowly; one is using all his strength to move it, yet the package barely moves. The lethargic movement of moving the package is similar to the slowness of the turtle. This slowness is an obstacle because it prevents the turtle from travelling far distances and escaping from predators. Nevertheless, the fact that the turtle perseveres through this struggle shows that she is
The Civil War consisted of many legendary battles over the soil of the United and Confederate States of America, which will be retold for generations in history books. Although these land battles were indeed great, the concept of this paper will be the Naval warfare of the Civil War, paying certain attention to the battle between the Monitor and the Merrimac.
The United States government has long felt the need to maintain a strong Navy. In doing so they had to keep up with advancements in technology. During the civil war in the Brooklyn harbor the United States Navy built a vessel that would duel the South’s vessel the CSS Virginia. The battle would be the first of the kind in that for the first time two Ironclad vessels would battle.
I watched the film U-571 dealing with the allies versus the Germans for control of the Atlantic Ocean. In U-571 an American Navy crew consisting of at least 10 crew members had a mission to steal an Enigma machine which was a communication device that would code messages to other surrounding German Forces. This mission occurred in 1942 while the Atlantic Ocean was extremely hostile and filled with German U-boats. While carrying out their mission the crew that the movie centers around had many problems to overcome. Many crew members were killed during this mission and the ship that they embarked on was eventually blown up. Because of this the American crew took control of the German U-boat that carried the Enigma machine. The crew faced many challenges while carrying out their mission such as steering clear of other U-boats and Nazi destroyers as well as killing any German survivors still on the U-571. One German remained throughout the movie and continually almost got the American crew discovered by sending Morse code to German forces and by killing members of the American Crew. As the movie continues the leader of the crew, played by Matthew McConaughey, carried out a last minute plan to drop 200 meters below the sea, which the pressure of the water almost destroyed their ship, then submerge after the last torpedo was fixed, It was destroyed during one of the many explosions on the ship during earlier gun fights, and destroy their last threat, a Nazi Destroyer. One of the crew members sacrifices his life to fix a faulty pressure pipe needed to fire the torpedo. After the torpedo was fixed and fired the Nazi Destroyer was destroyed and the American crew was eventually discovered and saved by US navy planes.
Modern sea turtles emerged approximately 120 million years ago during the Cretaceous Period. Four families of sea turtle were extant in the Cretaceous Period, Toxochelyidae, Protostegidae, Cheloniidae and Dermochelyidae (Hayes, 2005). Of the four sea turtle familes, three survived the Cretaceous–Tertiary extinction 63 million years ago. Two lineages of sea turtle survived through the Eocene Epoch 55 to 38 millions years ago (Bowen, 2003). One lineage was the predecessor of the Dermochelys coriacea (leatherback turle), the only member of the family Dermochelyidae, and the other lineage gave rise to the six species of the family Cheloniidae, one of which is the loggerhead sea turtle (Bowen, 2003).
The first attempt at building these ships was done by converting three tankers from Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela with bay doors. Experts from both Britain and United States' navies gathered requirements. In 1941, the name LST was born. Within a few days, John Niedermair of the US Navy Bureau of Ships completed the first sketch of the design. It called for a large ballast system that could be filled with sea water to give the ship a deep draft for traveling