“Properly speaking, the unconscious is the real psychic; its inner nature is just as unknown to us as the reality of the external world, and it is just as imperfectly reported to us through the data of consciousness as is the external world through the indications of our sensory organs.”
― Sigmund Freud, The Interpretation of Dreams
Sigmund Freud is the founding father of Psychoanalysis. He was the leader in the study of dreams. He believed that dreams are the 'royal road to the unconscious.’ Ego defenses are lowered in dreams so thoughts in the back of our heads come forward. People today believe that dreams can be interpreted, and tell the future. Dreams however don’t mean anything and are just a continuation of ego.
There are multiple theories as to why exactly we have dreams. The first theory comes from Antti Revonsuo, a Finish cognitive scientist, who through studies has shown our Amgdala, key part of our brain that creates emotion, works more than normal when we are in REM sleep. REM sleep is the final of the five stages of sleep and involves random eye movement and the muscles paralyzing. When the Amgdala works more we start creating fight or flight situations in our dreams. In our dreams we are rehearsing what to do during situations, and get better at responding in the real world.
Another theory from comes from Matt Wilson, a researchers from MIT’s Center for Learning and Memory suggests that that dreams create wisdom. While we dream our brain sorts through memories and chooses what to keep and what to throw away. Matt says that the 5th stage of REM and dreaming is what helps us separate the good memories from the bad. This creates wisdom because wisdom is defined as the stuff that helps us for future decisions. ...
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