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Strokes Neurologic clinics: Provides an overview of stroke rehabilitation covering patient management in the acute, subacute, and chronic phases of poststroke treatment. Cognitive, behavioral, and functional assessment in the subacute poststroke phase is discussed, neuropsychiatric problems occurring during this phase are identified, and cognitive deficits and perceptual deficits encountered during occupational therapy are described. Speech, recreational, and music therapy and social support services are also considered. Rehabilitation Psychology: Objective: To investigate the efficacy of music therapy techniques as an aid in improving mood and social interaction after traumatic brain injury or stroke. Design: Eighteen individuals with traumatic brain injury or stroke were assigned either standard rehabilitation alone or standard rehabilitation along with music therapy (3 treatments per week for up to 10 treatments). Measures: Pretreatment and posttreatment assessments of participant self-rating of mood, family ratings of mood and social interaction, and therapist rating of mood and participation in therapy. Results: There was a significant improvement in family members' assessment of participants' social interaction in the music therapy group relative to the control group. The staff rated participants in the music therapy group as more actively involved and cooperative in therapy than those in the control group. There was a trend suggesting that self-ratings and family ratings of mood showed greater improvement in the music group than in the control group. Conclusions: Results lend preliminary support to the efficacy of music therapy as a complementary therapy for social functioning and participation in rehabilita... ... middle of paper ... ...y impaired persons. Journal of Music Therapy, 29(2), 87-102. Goldberg, F.S. & Hoss, T.M. & Chesna, T. (1988). Music and imagery as psychotherapy with a brain damaged patient: A case study. Music Therapy Perspectives, 5, 41-45. Gonen, J. & Soroker, N. (2000). Art therapy in stroke rehabilitation: A model of short term group treatment. Arts in Psychotherapy, 27(1), 41-50. Jochims,S. (1995). Emotional processing of coping with disease in the early stages of acquired cerebral lesions. Arts in Psychotherapy, 22 (1), 21-30. O'Callaghan, C.C. (1993). Communicating with brain impaired palliative care patients through music therapy. Journal of Palliative Care, 9(4), 53-55. O'Callaghan, C.C. (1999). Recent findings about neural correlates of music pertinent to music therapy across the life span. Music Therapy Perspectives, 17(1),

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