Stroke Case Study

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Stroke is a common, and disabling global health-care problem, which is the second leading cause of mortality in adult. And especially the burden of the disease has remained stable at high as about 85% of the total disease burden in UK over the past ten years (Mohr et al., 2011 and Donnan, et al ., 2008).
Moreover, 50% of stroke survivors remain disabled followed with a significant financial burden, hard relationship, raised blood pressure, stress, etc. which are leading to more society problems such as drug abuse, aggressive, more requirement for social services (Killoran et al., 2010., Gillespie et al., 2011 and Caplan et al., 2008). It is a difficult fate to accept and does not always have the same outcomes (Thompson, 2014).
Stroke mortality
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Stroke, also known as brain attack or cerebrovascular accident, occurs when the blood flow to an area of the brain is interrupted resulting in some degree of permanent neurological damage (Barrett et al., 2013) .Two major brain damage mechanisms are ischemic and haemorrhagic (Barrett et al., 2013, which is briefly explained at the start of the booklet. Ischaemic is because the lack of blood and hence oxygen to an area of the brain, while haemorrhagic is bleeding from a burst or leaking blood vessel in the brain(Deb et al., 2010). In either, destructive biochemical substances released from a variety of sources play an important role in tissue destruction. Both are related by cerebral perfusions which affect cerebrovascular reactivity and thrombosis (Macintosh, et al., 2011). It normally regulates cerebral blood flow and abnormalities of cerebrovascular function in pathophysiologic states. Many abnormalities of vasomotor function compromise regulation of cerebral blood flow and thus increase the risk of stroke which is including several mechanisms of cerebral vessel dysfunction (Mohr et al., 2011 and Porth,…show more content…
The focus is on evidence-based practice and the application of stroke competencies and national guidelines to help readers in their future clinical practice (Vickrey et al., 2014 and Margereson et al., 2010). This booklet also indicate the need for healthcare professionals to educate patients and their families on risk factors for stroke and to support them to make informed changes in lifestyle as highlighted by Guidelines and the emotion support by

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