To improve patient control of aggression and violence, an organization must better define the management and reporting of this behavior, identify appropriate management programs and training, and evaluate the frequency and precipitants. The impact of aggression and violence in mental health units is substantial. Effects that have been documented include physical injury, emotional and psychological harm, compromised patient care, and financial expense to the organization. In a review of literature, physical injury to inpatient mental health staff is high and poses a strong threat to staff and other patients (Foster, Bowers, & Nijman, 2006). Although the rates of victimization that occur between patients are low, it is an increasing concern.
This paper will discuss chronic stress in newly qualified nurses and doctors. It is imperative healthcare professionals caring for patients are able to first care for themselves. The physiology and psychology of stress will be explored, and non-pharmacological treatment under the biopsychosocial framework (Engel, 1977), using the Transactional Model of Stress (Lazarus, 1966), as it is most appropriate to chronic stress. Several acutely stressful situations lead to chronic stress and its associated complications. Chronic stress is complex and can be psychologically and physically incapacitating.
In the research done by Articlebase and published by Paul Hata author of “The Effect of Stress on Mental Health” (2008), he explains that a person exposed to long-term, unrelenting severe stress is particularly susceptible to experiencing a mental breakdown. Mr. Paul Hata explains how stress can be defined as the condition or the situations that disturb the normal functioning of physical and mental health of an individual. In this paper we will discuss how occupational stress can lead to major mental health issues. Further research indicates how extreme stress conditions are harmful to human health but a moderate amount of stress is acceptable (as cited in Articlebase, 2008). Paul Hata (2008) writes about how extreme stress can increase blood pressure and how the body releases a stress hormone in the blood.
As individual continue to remain distinct in their disposition, so is their comprehension and reaction regarding perceptions matters of lives and well-being. The idea of well-being deduces to be a usual example of this. And thus, constitute a doubt about what it is due to the fact that illness, disease and sickness are connected idea. As patients experience sickness and illness and they are diagnosed by doctor and treated. However, this paper will elucidate the definition of sickness, disease and explain illness while presenting an example of illness encounters.
This section analyzes stress as a social negative determinant of health based on several considerations supported by scientific research (Stroebe, 2011). According to recent scientific reports, stress affects the health of an individual in two ways: physiologically and psychologically. Firstly, it is clear that the human body is build to withstand a given degree of stress. When the stress surpasses this level, it becomes distress, a negative stress stimulus (Karelina & Devries,... ... middle of paper ... ...el, D. (2011). A discourse analysis of the social determinants of health.
1. Sickle Cell Disease is life-threatening and has a risk of of causing depression. In this study I examine the experiences that Sickle Cell patients go through specifically at emergency healthcare facilities to find out if there are any negative stigmatizations surrounding this disease. There may be judgments that are made about these patients from healthcare professionals when they seek drugs for their pain relief that may cause the stigmatization to occur. I will also investigate why individuals that have Sickle Cell Disease experience longer waiting times at emergency healthcare facilities and the lack of control they may have over their care regime.
The three main categories are, catastrophes, significant life changes and daily hassles, but all play a vital role (Myers, 2013). Inflammation When the body processes stress, it is both a physiological and psychological process. Outside sources activate the immune response of inflammation, which if persistent, studies have shown develops symptoms of depression and progression into cardiac disease. Walter Cannon (1929) observed stress hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine from the adrenal glands b... ... middle of paper ... ...covered about personality traits along with Type A and Type B reactions to stress, the scientific community can move closer to lowering the chronic heart disease in patients that are effected by stressors. References Alfred B. Heilburn, J., & Friedberg, E. B.
The scope of decision making by physicians and families is constrained (Williams & Torrens, page 336). For example, the conditions for terminating life support for persons in a persistent vegetative state are clearer, when the patient has an up-to-date living will (Williams & Torrens, page 336). The second most difficult facing the United States health care today is our administrative service practices. There were important procedural contributions make to resolve disputes by authorizing, establishing, and monitoring mechanisms or processes for handling disputes (Williams & Torrens, page 337). For example, Ombudsmen in the health care institutions are a means of providing patient representation and advocacy (Williams & Torrens, page 337).
A Relationship Between Stress and Physical Illness Stress is an example of a behaviour and experience explained in physiological and psychological terms. Recently awareness has been heightened concerning the harmful effects of stress and how it can be successfully managed and prevented. Lay definitions of stress seem to focus on a 'force' or some kind of mental pressure which is exerted upon an individual which is aversive. Stress is often associated with anxiety, strain, tension, distress and fatigue. The effects of stress include biochemical physiological and psychological changes, many of which are associated with ill health effects (Gatchel 1989).
To identify the various tools and approaches that are applied in addressing self harm by mentally ill patients in the US currently. Epistemology This research study adopts an ‘interpretivism’ epistemology because the qualitative approach is more investigative (Goldkuhl, 2012, p. 138-140). This is because understanding the suitability of medical practices and tools qualitatively requires the use of distinctive opinions and thoughts than it is in using quantitative methodology. Besides, the study focuses on answering epistemic questions mainly approaching practice as knowledge as well as understanding the nature and validity of the knowledge generated through practice as is to be gotten from practitioners. Qualitative literature will also be very useful in this epistemological approach in studying the ... ... middle of paper ... ...thod as adopted for this study has main advantage in that little time is used while collecting data as factual empirical figures are to be collected.