Strengths And Weaknesses And Evaluate The APA Code Of Ethics Case Study

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Applying Ethical Theories
Ethics play a vital role in day-to-day living from work to home. The ability to recognize ethical dilemmas and apply ethical theories to resolve ethical dilemmas is essential part of an individual 's psychological, physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being. The purpose of this paper is to explore the strengths and weakness of the American Psychological Association (APA) code of ethics, apply and evaluate the eight-step ethical decision-making model, discuss the role of deontology in ethical reasoning, resolution, and multicultural issues in the case study.
APA: Strengths and Weaknesses The APA founded in 1892 provides psychologists with a formalized set of ethical principles and standards for professional conduct
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The primary weakness of the APA is that it only applies to professional conduct and not private life. According to Pipes, Holstein, and Aguirre (2005), "APA codes apply within their role as psychologists...they may, with impunity from the Code, demean individuals of a particular gender or a particular religion with whom they interact only on a personal basis" (p. 326). While the APA has enforceable standards, the preamble and general principles are aspirational and seek to create individuals whose professional character will successfully integrate into their personal lives. For example, Jenny 's consultation with Rhonda went from a professional consultation to a gossip session on other issues within organization; when they failed "to guard against personal, financial, social, organizational or political factors" (APA, 2010) that might influence their ability to objectively resolve the present ethical dilemma. While the APA provide ethical principles and a professional code of conduct provide a foundation for resolving ethical dilemmas, it is not exhaustive and individuals should seek and use other models to help them resolve their ethical dilemmas, such as the eight-step decision…show more content…
In applying the ethical decision-making model, the ethical theory of deontology provided the best solution for the case study resolution. Deontology 's universal principles allow an individual create a maximum or imperative that encompass not only the initial ethical dilemma, but also multicultural issues that may arise during the ethical reasoning process, such as gender, status, and social identity. Part two of the case scenario added new ethical issues for consideration. Jenny and Rhonda discuss an education culture that preferences gender in organizational practices, such as "old boys club", discriminates based on status "full professors over associates", power imbalances, which disallows pay equity, and uses in-group/out-group discrimination to threaten Jenny 's social identity. While ethical reasoning process involved in theories such as virtue ethics, communitarianism, feminism, and utilitarianism can hinder effective ethical decision-making by allowing situational, multicultural, or contextual factors like gender, pay equity, status, and social identity to create a cognitive processing overload that renders the individual incapable of objectively
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