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Strategy Usage Constructivism

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Strategy Usage Constructivism Pre-Reading Strategy: Before Reading strategy: K – What do I already know? W – What do I want to know?, and L – What did I learn? KWL Organizer. Teacher will model the preview process by displaying the KWL Graphic Organizer on an overhead projector. K. The first step in this approach is step K, which is defined as accessing what I know. In the first part of this step, the teacher will write the topic on the board and the students brainstorm what they know about it. W. In the second part of this step, the students are encouraged to develop categories for the ideas they brain stormed. The second step is step W determining what I want to learn. In this step, the students are encouraged to create questions and are asked to write down the ones that interest them the most. L. The final step is step L recalling what I did learn as a result of reading. In this step, the students write or discuss what they have learned with specific attention to their original questions. I will use this strategy to help me gain a sense of students’ prior knowledge of the classic literature The Secret Garden. A complete KWL chart can help students reflect and evaluate their learning experience as well as serve as a useful assessment tool for teachers. This approach emphasizes the student's prior knowledge. The strategy demonstrates the theory of constructivism, because the constructivist pedagogy proposes that new knowledge is constructed from old. It holds the educational belief that as teachers, it's essential that we make connections between what new is being presented with students' prior experiences. K-W-L charts can be used to develop discourse and shared understandings since they record what is know... ... middle of paper ... ...students will also be able to evaluate information in order to determine what is important as well as develop students’ knowledge of textual structures and their general textual intelligence (Huffman). 1. Santa Fe Public Schools retrieve from www.community@sfps.info. 2. Huffman, Kevin, Commissioner, Department of Education, Reading in the Content Area, retrieved from http://tn.gov/education/ci/english/reading.shtml. 3. Laura Robb, Scholastic, 2013, Reading Strategies That Work: Teaching Your Students to Become Better Readers, Scholastic Inc., retrieved from www.teacher.scholastic.com/lessonplans/strategies. 4. Teacher Vision, 2013, Teacher Resource, Pearson Education Inc., retrieved from www.teachervision.com. 5. Donna Kester Phillips, Niagara University, 2008, Guided Reading: Constructivism in Action, retrieved from www.jpacte.org/uploads/2008-1-phillips.pdf
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