Cognition stages, emotion and preexisting family relationships should be taken into consideration when caring for a paediatric patient. In order to enhance therapeutic communication and successfully understand the medical, psychological, spiritual and social needs of a child, health care professionals must use strategies that will be successful in …………………………………… then integrate these needs into a care plan. The first strategy that can be implemented to enhance therapeutic communication is encouraging the child to be actively involved in the medical and decision making process through the use of play and other communicative tools. Wassmer et al (2004), indicated that the need for shared decision making and informed conse... ... middle of paper ... ...abor. As family is the main source of support and stability for the child, the presence of the family during health procedures can significantly reduce both child and family’s anxiety.
Educational Growth Professional counseling services could offer good assistance for children with children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Psychologists well aware of ASD have shown much interest in depending on counseling tools that focus on education. This approach aims to improve educational growth in autistic children such that they better communicate with their peers and perform well on classroom tasks. For instance, apart from CBT or talk therapy, the counselor could administer Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). This refers to the guidelines and principles basing on which the autistic children provide education with a special emphasis on behaviorism.
When caring for children it is particularly important to use the following attributes: effective communication techniques, advocating for the client when their rights are overlooked and interacting in a supportive manner. The above techniques allow the registered nurses to create and maintain therapeutic relationships with the child and their parents or caregivers, which leads to better outcomes for the client (Polaschek, L. & Polaschek, N. 2007). If the registered nurse does not use the above attributes, they may not be providing the appropriate level of care for the patient, which will impact the patient’s health outcomes (Day, Levett-Jones & Kenny 2012). It is important for a registered nurse to use a range of effective communication techniques to establish and maintain a therapeutic relationship with their client, in particular when their client is a child. Using a range of effective communication techniques allows the registered nurse to be able to explain to the child, using the appropriate language, what their illness is and how they will be treated.
The developmental frame of reference is used with children with Down syndrome to help improve their limited or delayed development in cognitive, communication, social, and emotional functioning skills (Karaaslan & Mahoney, 2013). A successful developmental approach intervention plan will help improve the child in gross and fine motor skills, language skills, social emotional skills, and ADLs through education, and practice and repetition (Karaaslan & Mahoney, 2013). The plan could also be carried over to the child’s home as well with a variety of provided activities by the therapist (Karaaslan & Mahoney, 2013). Purposeful and preparatory activities such as dressing boards or dressing a doll can be used in this approach to help the child master and continue towards the next step in an activity such as dressing (Karaaslan & Mahoney, 2013). Another frame of reference used with Down syndrome children is the motor control approach (Uyanik & Kayihan, 2010).
Developing Ideas on How To Counsel Children Introduction This article identifies several special characteristics of children that require adaptations of adult effective counseling skills. This article also offers modifications of basic skills to make them more applicable to the needs of children. Next, addressing children’s special characteristics on counseling is discussed. Building trust in the relationship, maintaining a facilitative counselor, and using questions appropriately is discussed in full detail. This article is targeting counselors, parents, and children.
A nourishing environment with proper care, attention, and encouraging experiences will help the child to form secure and satisfying bonds, regulate emotions and explore the environment. Dramatic play is one of the many positive activity that can help the child to develop a healthy social skills as well as obtain emotional and psychological well being. For example: A child playing the role of a doctor during a dramatic play has to interact with the patient, act according to the situation and solace the injured or sick patient. In an environment like this the child develops his interaction and communication skill which promotes social development of the child. Similarly, The child has to assess the situation, think of a response and react accordingly which is good for the psychological well being.
The goal of community based intervention programs focused on children is to increase the accessibility and effectiveness of initiatives in order to promote behavioral changes of individuals, thereby improving the health of the community. The programs are implemented in order to prevent illness or injury by avoiding or eliminating negative behaviors. Therefore, the intervention programs are effective when optimum community heath is achieved through health promotion and disease prevention. The Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) can utilize the information available through the community health based initiatives to educate pediatric patients and their families. As well, the FNP can use the information to make appropriate referrals after researching
The importance of social-emotional development and toddlers makes an impact in a child life when these skills are developed starting in infancy. Encouraging positive behaviors and using positive discipline practices that helped to develop the ability to make good choices as well as recognizing the confidence that is built when these behaviors are repeated. This is a process for young children to learn these behaviors always remembering that a patient response will help especially when the behaviors are
One of the strategies for treating rehabilitation is treating the child with respect. “Children with behavioral and emotional disorders require intensive behavior therapy tools to help them deal with triggers on a daily basis, and outside pressures. Another strategy is applied behavior analysis.” (Kids Mental Health, 2009). This technique will allow the PSR to analyze the behaviors of the child and teach them a better way to respond to a situation in a much more positive manor. This technique rewards the child for positive behavior, and will punish the child for any negative behavior.
Clinical Implications Within the application of CPP when working with children who have experienced trauma or abuse there are a number of clinical implications for therapists be aware of. Ippen et al (2011) suggest a need to target younger children, the necessity of including parents and working towards providing evidence-based services to meet client needs. The research cited above regarding the negative effects of childhood trauma supports the idea of targeting younger children. In counselling, with regards to including the parents and working with children O’Neill, Guenette and Kitchenham (2010) describe the first and most important aspect of counselling is the therapeutic relationship, furthermore the creation of a safe environment. In CPP establishing a safe therapeutic environment and home environment is crucial in providing an environment for repairing the child-parent relationship (Lieberman, 2007).