Strategies for Coping with Stress

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Strategies for Coping with Stress Stress has been defined as a pattern of negative physiological and psychological processes occurring in situations where people perceive threats to their well being which they may be unable to meet. These situations involve stimuli which can be either real or imagines and are generally known as stressors. Stressors come in many forms; for example, they can be cataclysmic such as life disasters including floods and earthquakes and also things such as rape and abuse. But they can also quite insignificant things such as being late for work or stuck in traffic – these are generally known as life’s little hassles. Although stressors are mainly seen as negative, they can also some be seen in a positive light such as wining a competition or sitting an exam as these can affect people’s behaviour in positive ways. Stress is a biological response that is exposed through an emotion although the form it takes can vary depending on the nature of the stressor as we respond differently in a variety of situations. When a person senses a stressor, the hypothalamus will send a signal to the autonomic nervous system and also to the pituitary gland these both respond by stimulating the bodies organs which then change their normal activities such as an increase in heart rate, blood pressure and blood sugar levels, air passages also dilate to permit more air entering the lungs making one’s breathing a lot faster and also the adrenal glands secrete adrenaline which stimulates the heart and other body organs. Each of these responses prepares the body to deal with the stressors, as there is an increased physical a... ... middle of paper ... ...ess. Journal of personality and social Psychology, 42, 168-177. Meichenbaum, D. (1985). Stress Inoculation Training. New York: Pergamon Press. Cannon, W. B. (1927). The James-Lange theory of emotions: A critical examination And an alternative theory. American Journal of Psychology, 39, 106-124. Arent, S.M., Landers, D.M., & Etnier, J.L. (2000). The effects of exercise on mood in Older adults: A meta-analytic review. Journal of aging and physical activity, 8, 407-430. Berger, B.G., & Motl, R. W. (2000). Exercise and mood: A selective review and synthesis of research employing the profile of mood states. Journal of applied sports Psychology, 48, 95-105. Lazarus, R. S (1990). Theory-based stress management. Psychological Inquiry, 1, 3-13. A-level notes on stress also used, c/o Yale College.
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