Nuclear Fission/Nuclear Fusion ------------------------------ A). Fission (A-Bomb) & Fusion (H-Bomb) B). U-235, U-238 and Plutonium III. The Mechanism of The Bomb ------------------------- A). Altimeter B).
The program of abolishing nuclear weapons should be carried out. There are two types of nuclear weapons. Fission weapons, also called atomic weapons or atomic bombs, do so through (fission) the splitting of the nuclei of certain isotopes in the elements uranium and plutonium. When a neutron hits the nucleus of a uranium or plutonium atom in a certain way, the atom splits and releases a large amount of energy and two or three other neutrons. These neutrons then split other atoms, causing an explosive chain reaction.
Effects of the Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Ever since the dawn of time man has found new ways of killing each other. The most destructive way of killing people known to man would have to be the atomic bomb. The reason why the atomic bomb is so destructive is that when it is detonated, it has more than one effect. The effects of the atomic bomb are so great that Nikita Khrushchev said that the survivors would envy the dead (International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, 1982). These devastating physical effects come from the atomic bomb’s blast, the atomic bomb’s thermal radiation, and the atomic bomb’s nuclear radiation.
The Merck vaccine for the HIV virus was an unexplained failure in 2007. It tried to activate killer T cells but when studied, the results proved that none of the predicted beneficial results were observed and many adverse effects were contracted. The article closes with the idea that ... ... middle of paper ... ...ruly perfect the vaccine. When that day comes, we will have to decide how we are going to distribute the vaccine. Would we make it a luxury for only developed nations or would we try to make it available to people all over the world?
The ethics of federal mandatory vaccination in the United States can be determined through the following case-study. Description of case study: In 2003, President George W. Bush put forward a plan to vaccinate 450,000 public health-care workers (including military personnel, health care workers, and first-responders) against smallpox in case of a bioterrorist attack on the United States. The plan was ultimately unsuccessful because only 4,213 of the desired 450,000 actually opted to get the vaccine. Inoculation is optional for the targeted personnel (except for those in the military), so with no initial financial protection plan in place, most of the workers decided to stay unvaccinated. This is most likely due to the risk of illness and the subsequent absences from work possible.
See, “9 out 10 drugs tested on animal fail” explains, Understanding Animal Research. How should we continue to support a company who fails miserably when experimenting on live animals? The way drugs or products are introduced to the public is that they go through five phases. The very first phase is where it is used on animals to get the harm or threats it could appear on a human. It is proven that even if a drug or product makes it stage two, 88% will fail and only 12% of them will even make it to stage five where they come close to be approved by the Federal Drug Administration (FDA).
Donahue believes that censoring science is putting the United States at the same risk as not censoring. The author states “the effort to suppress scientific information reflects a dangerously outdated attitude.” Donahue supports this claim by explaining several cases in science where sharing information on microbiological studies have helped science move forward. The author mentions an article that was published describing how susceptible the United States milk supply is to the botulinum toxin. This article was suspended by the National Academy of Science because they believed it to be a “road map for terrorists” (p. 1). The author believes however, that instead of censoring such an article this information should be shared, this way other scientists will be able to discover ways to defend against terrorist attacks.
As seen as a tool for peace, even though it is a weapon of mass destruction, the nuclear bomb can exist in the world peaceably. Once introduced into this world, the thought or theory can not be reversed. The thought of disarmament is ludicrous and totally unrealistic. The countries with the nuclear capabilities would never want to give it up, and if they did, one can be certain that they will keep some hidden from view or lie about the actual number of weapons.
The Demon in the Freezer by Richard Preston is an intriguing book that discusses the anthrax terrorist attacks after 9/11 and how smallpox might become a future bioterrorist threat to the world. The book provides a brief history of the smallpox disease including details of an outbreak in Germany in 1970. The disease was eradicated in 1979 due to the World Health Organization’s aggressive vaccine program. After the virus was no longer a treat the World Health Organization discontinued recommending the smallpox vaccination. In conjunction, inventory of the vaccine was decreased to save money.
The design of Little Boy used the gun assembly method, by shooting one piece of the uranium into the other to create a chemical explosion. Another atomic bomb codenamed Fat Man was detonated over Nagasaki. Fat Man was an implosion type bomb. It was a design in which the plutonium-uranium combination was enclosed by high explosives to compress it. The Manhattan Project brought together a cast of specialists that would redefine the use of atomic power.