Stonehenge, one of England most puzzling structures has historian, researchers and archeologists very unsure of it actually purpose. Whatever Stonehenge is it is a remarkable structure full of mystery and magic. Between 1919 and 1950 was a major breakthrough when archeologist began finding the remains of Stonehenge, Today he remains of Stonehenge can be visited in the fields of Witt shire England, where it has stood for nearly 5000 years. Stonehenge has three major areas starting with the inner circle, a smaller stone semicircle, and a larger more define horseshoe surrounding the two smaller areas. The inner part of Stonehenge dates back more than 5000 years ago. The radius of the inner circle spans 320 feet, the depth of the ditch is 7 feet deep by 20 ft wide. The people who built this circle took the chalk like rock that was produced from digging and built up a bank within the bank there were 56 holes dug named after the scholar John Alburey. At the entrance of the circle there were two stone that were put in place these made sort of an entrance way to the circle as well as two more stone opposite of each other. One of the main stones still standing is called the slaughter stone which is one of the entrance stones. After the building of the inner circle there was evidence that the Neolithic people used it for another 500 years after.
Although people may never know the true origins of Stonehenge, the main reason that it is so popular is because of the mystery surrounding it. A UFO landing site? A memorial brought forth by sorcery? This famous landmark has gained tremendous fame over thousands of years by the lack of knowledge we have of it. The most sensible theories like the Druids building it for religious ceremonies or as a burial site have taken the attention away from the more far fetched ones. This is why Stonehenge is a truly fascinating subject, because it has not been truly decoded. Aldous Huxley gives a perfect parallel to the mystery of Stonehenge, “There are things known and there are things unknown, and in between are the doors of perception.”
For centuries, Stonehenge has been a structure of wonder for all those who see or hear about it; many people wonder how it was built and why. Over the years, Stonehenge and the similar surrounding structures have been heavily studied, with new discoveries found yearly. Construction of Stonehenge itself started around 2600 BC on the Salisbury Plain in England (Grimston, 2007). It is constructed of large stones brought from the Welsh mountains positioned into several circular patterns (Grimston, 2007). Not too long ago, a discovery was made near Stonehenge called Durrington Walls. This lesser known site is believed to be the home of the builders of Stonehenge and is very significant to the monument’s purpose. 200 feet away from there lies the most famous of the timber henges, Woodhenge (Rattini, 2008). After examining each site’s solstitial alignments and relation to each other structure, it is deducted that each would have played a pivotal part in a ritual that would have taken place thousands of years ago.
There are some, however, who have speculated as to what the giant stone structure could have been constructed for. Theories such as observatory, burial grounds, temple, and others are much debated among those who care to look into these matters. Among those who do not care to question its existence, Stonehenge is just a large pile of huge stones that happen to make a circle. No matter which side a person might take, there is no definite way to prove what Stonehenge was used for. There is no way to know because there are no written records of the construction of Stonehenge, there are not even depictive carvings on the stones themselves that suggest a purpose to the massive
The Stonehenge is a theory based piece of art which is on many levels of debates. The two most popular theories are that Three Tribe theory and that the British built it to unify Britain. The time period is mainly estimated at 3000 BC through 2000 BC. They believe the Stonehenge was built in multiple stages all throughout. The influence for why the stonehenge was built is the major question towards the stonehenge. Conspiracies show that the Druids used it for royal purposes to pay off the “Gods”. In the end, the Stonehenge became a Great piece of art with 30 rocks help up vertical and horizontal.
Stonehenge, called the most photographed site in the world, draws nearly a million visitors a year, almost half of them from the united states (Wendy Mass 9) After Stonehenge has mystified an impressed generation of visitors and scholars who traveled to Salisbury plain in Wiltshire, England, 80 miles west of London, to marvel at the wonder of this ruin (Wendy Mass 8) but why is this ruin so magnificent? What draws so many people to it? Is it because the question of who built it and how it was built still lingers in the minds of many today. These questions have kept the mystery of Stonehenge alive for thousands of years, and the combined investigative efforts of historians, geologists, engineers, archaeologists, astronomers, chemists, and philosophers have continued to uncover more questions than answers (Wendy Mass 8)
While reading Chapter One, the first thing that caught my eye was Stonehenge. Though not a traditional piece of artwork such as a painting or sketch, this strategically placed grouping of stones has always had me intrigued. This sculpture dates back to 2550-1600 BCE, and also is classified of one the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. (Kleiner, 2013) The 45-50 ton rocks create a circle, with various rocks place on top of one another. The tall vertical rock is titled a monolith and the horizontal rock is the lintel, which supports the vertical rocks and creates an opening. (Kleiner, 2013) What is interesting is this technique is still used in modern day construction and is called s post-and-lintel system. The word henge defines the arrangement of stones in a circle- hence the name Stonehenge. (Kleiner, 2013) What is most interesting is the size of the stones itself. Each one is approximately 17 feet tall and weighs nearly fifty tons. From a historical perspective these are called megaliths (i.e. great stones). The stones consist of roughly cut sandstone, as well as bluestones, which are volcanic rocks. The great mystery to this grand sculpture is how the Neolithic people constructed this trilithon, which is a three stone construction. Historians predict that the construction occurred in phases throughout the centuries before and after 2000 BCE. (Kleiner, 2013) As for the purpose of this great rock formation, archaeologists determined it served purpose as a solar calendar. I chose this particular piece solely because I find it so interesting. It portrays a great sense of mystery as to how they successfully constructed it and what purpose it served to the Neolithic individuals.
Stonehenge is located on Salisbury Plain in Southern England. Although it is not the largest henge (circle of stones) of the Neolithic Period, it is a remarkable site because it is one of the most complicated megalithic sites. Stonehenge was repeatedly reworked from 3100 to 1500 B.C.E. (Encyclopedia Brittanica 287). Each new major building phase added new elements to the site. The present-day arrangement at Stonehenge is the result of the last building phase which ended nearly 3,500 years ago.
The model for Citihengne was based on the megalithic stone monument located in Wilshire, England called Stonehenge. This monument was created in the time of Neolithic people approximately ca. 2550-1600 BCE and was thought to be a site for funeral burials in the beginning. Archeologists have discovered at least 250 people were buried at this site. In later years, the site was possibly used for healing, religious gathering or some believe a large solar calendar. After 2300 BC, archeologist believe the people turn the site into a mystical place of healing and Stonehenge became a place of religious celebrations. In reality no really knows h...
One of the most iconic features of Stone Mountain is the carving that is carved into the side of it. The carving is much larger than it looks from the ground. The carving is massive, standing 90 by 190 feet, and recessed 42 feet into the mountain. The carving was so massive, that the sculptors working on the carving could go inside of a horse's mou...