Steroids In Sports Essay

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Rex Lakey Political Science Mr. Pierce 5/13/2014 Congressional Investigation of Steroids in Sports Steroid use in athletics has been a commonplace since the mid 1950’s. It is no secret as to why many athletes choose to use anabolic steroids. Steroids increase testosterone levels and help digest dietary proteins to increase muscle mass. Athletes face many health risks by taking steroids to increase their strength and maximize their performance. It is illegal to use performance enhancing drugs of any kind in sports but fierce competition to become the best forces some athletes to turn to steroid use in order to stay on top. Anabolic steroids are synthetic hormones that mimic testosterone by helping the body to increase muscle mass. They are also known as anabolic-androgenic steroids, and both words have Greek origins. Anabolic means “to-build” and androgenic means “masculinizing.” Athletes use steroids by taking them orally or injecting them. Researchers have discovered that the side effects of taking steroids orally are much worse on the liver, but there are extreme negative side effects from both methods. Side effects from steroids can be physical or psychological. People who “megadose” or “stack” steroids by mixing different combinations can sometimes face irreversible side effects if they go undetected. The risk of HIV or Hepatitis B is also prevalent if needles are shared between people. People can also develop side effects from steroids long after they stop using. Physical side effects for men include a decrease in normal male sexual function and “feminization.” Males can experience reduced sperm count, shrinking of the testicles, impotence, development of breasts, and difficulty urinating. Women face the opposite side eff... ... middle of paper ... Major League Baseball, didn’t put enough effort into preventing athletes from using steroids. This gave Congress no other option but to investigate. I believe Congress’s involvement was long overdue because the problem of steroid use in sports has been on the rise. Congressional investigation into steroid use in athletics has slowed a growing problem in America. Harsher penalties and fines are being enforced, which is discouraging many athletes from choosing steroids to stay ahead of competition. This is also helping America’s youth understand the right message, that steroid use isn’t a viable option. Steroids bring nothing positive to professional sports. Instead, they give kids the idea that cheating is acceptable, if their idols are doing it. Steroids ruin the integrity of sports, which is why Congress made the right move to help put a stop to this issue.
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