Even more recently another cyclist icon Lance Armstrong, received a lifetime ban this time by the United States Anti-Doping Agency, in its persistent fight against PEDs (USADA, 2012). Today athletes are subject to incessant drugs tests all year round and just in 2012 the USADA performed 8,490 tests more than half of which were out of competition (USADA, 2012b). The fact of the matter is that, many substances banned by the World Anti-doping Agency (WADA) have no reason to be banned, for they are produced naturally by the human body e.g. the human growth hormone, whose levels can decrease (Molitch et al., 2011). In addition, the fight against drugs in sports is vain, as drug testing cannot keep up with all the different types of doping substances and methods (B. Foddy, J. Savulescu, 2007).
Steroids make players stronger and they perform at a higher rate. Another use for steroids is to help the players on certain rehab assignments for injuries. Either way, it is still illegal and banned in the sport. One of the biggest problems with steroids is that more players are testing positive every month. But the common defense for the players is that they took steroids before they were actually outlawed by the commissioner Bud Selig.
Steroid users often take several different steroids to maximize the results. This is known as “stacking”. Many sports organizations have taken action to prevent the use of steroids by giving random drug tests. As drug tests become more and more common so do the ways of covering up the use. A very common way of covering up steroid use is by using oral steroids which are usually untraceable after two weeks.
The most common kind of performance-enhancing drugs are N... ... middle of paper ... ...63). With all the new drugs out on the market it is virtually impossible to have tests that can identify all the different drugs. Athletes have come up with new ways to escape positive testing. Many of the world-class athletes are able to adjust their normal dosage so they can escape detection (Reilly 42). According To Hank Nuwer, most of the professional leagues and the NCAA have lists of banned drugs and testing procedures.
Anabolic steroids were added to the list of Class III Substances in the Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 1990. This act makes it illegal to possess anabolic steroids in the United States without a prescription. Congress passed this in hope to avoid the use of anabolic steroids in sports. However, the majority of steroid users are in fact non-competitive weight lifters and non-athletes using steroids specifically for cosmetic purposes. American's have become obsessed with their body image and congress should not hold people back from wanting to look their best.
What they dont bring to mind and think twice of before they intake the drug is what effects can the drug abuse of steroids have on the body of a weightlifter? Anabolic Steroids or AAS were founded in the 1930’s and is a drug many athletes and weightlifters abuse for the desire to win against their competition (Parikh, Rahul). Steroids produce testosterone and can be both harmful and helpful. Steroids are regarded as prescription and are only a synthetic substance. There’s over 100 types of steroids but the main sources that steroids are made of is plants, animals and fungi.
These are some of the physical symptoms that individuals can expect to see while taking anabolic steroids. Some of the psychiatric side effects that may show are the need to be aggressive. Most of the users say that they feel good about themselves while taking steroids but research reports that extreme mood sw... ... middle of paper ... ... both professional and elite amateur athletics is the misuse of anabolic steroids to increase muscle strength and/or muscle size.” (Pediatrics, 1989). These steroids are available almost at any age. The use of steroids in widespread among professional and college-level athletes, particularly in football players and weight lifters.
It has fulfilled two of the three requirements for being a steroid and tests are being done about the third, and if ?passes? the third one it will be considered a steroid and become illegal. It has also been banned in professional tennis, the Olympics and the NFL (Regan 2). In addition, there are also the illegal ones such as steroids. Also a little known one by most of the public is a drug called, erythopoietin commonly referred to as EPO.
Nowadays, athletes from all walks of life use them. It's not uncommon for athletes such as bodybuilders, football players, boxers, sprinters, and especially powerlifters to use them on a year round basis. Some professional bodybuilders admit to using over 10 times the normal effective dosage for testosterone. Steroids and sports go hand in hand in many ways. They were legal until 1990 when they joined other banned substances such as cocaine, heroin, and methamphetamines as being illegal.
Dr. Michael Schafer an orthopedic surgeon reports that eighty percent of all athletes feel drugs are the only way to become a professional athlete. While seventy- seven percent of athletes are pressurized to use drugs in order to get ahead reports the Taylor Hooten Foundation. Many young athletes view many professional's like Barry Bonds, Brandon Browner, or Lance Armstrong as role models and will do anything to play like them. In fact that’s how sixty percent of them feel (Schafer). When Bonds, Browner or Armstrong are suspended for drug abuse, it does not deter young athletes instead it fuels them to take drugs and to not get caught.