... that ended the revolution with an American victory. The English finally surrendered after many years of fighting. Britain had significant military disadvantages. Since they had to cross a sea, their information and resources were delayed. Since the colonies had not been unified under one central government before the war there wasn’t a central area of any kind of significance. This ensemble of factors caused the British to fail.
The main reason the colonists revolted against the British was in response to the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act was a tax stamp which appeared on every newspaper, legal document, on every customs and shipping document, and on other documents such as tavern licenses and college diplomas. The tax largely affected the middle and lower classes. The act was passed by Parliament on May 22, 1765, but was not going to go into effect until November 1st of that year. This time period of six months gave the colonists time to react to the act. The first colony to respond was Virginia and Patrick Henry came forth with many resolutions. Four proposals include:
In 1765, the colonists had not been happy with the taxation of King George. In fact, they were so upset that many of them had decided to boycott certain goods to prove they were not in favor of King George. King George had started to create a bitter rivalry between both America and Great Britain. He had begun to pass the Stamp Act which consisted of a direct tax for the colonists which went to the government instead of being included in the price of goods. This only had made the colonists more upset than they had been before.
The war had been enormously expensive, and the British government’s attempts to impose taxes on colonists to help cover these expenses resulted in chaos. English leaders, were not satisfied with the financial and military help they had received from the colonists during the war. In a desperate attempt to gain control over the colonies as well as the additional revenue to pay off the war debt, Britain began to force taxes on the colonies. Which resulted in The Stamp Act, passed by parliament and signed by the king in March 1765. The Stamp Act created an excise tax on legal documents, custom papers, newspapers, almanacs, college diplomas, playing cards, and even dice. Obviously the colonist resented the Stamp Act and the assumption that parliament could tax them whenever and however they could without their direct representation in parliament. Most colonials believed that taxation without their consent was a violation of their constitutional rights as Englishmen. Which is where the slogan “No Taxation without Representation” comes
In 1585 the English followed in the footsteps of the Spanish and traveled west to the new world for riches and fame, however the first successful colony in 1607. Once there they found a severe lack of gold and many hardships which threatened the colonies and as a result they were helped by the Native Americans to help, and they taught them how to survive. At first the colonies were very patriotic and proud to be British, but as time passed so did their patriotism and reliance on Britain. As their independence grew they started to disagree with the British ultimately many different variables induced the American Revolution, but they fall into three main categories social, political, and economic.
The Sugar Act of 1764 was an act in which the British taxed the American colonies in order to raise their income. Britain was in great debt due to the French and Indian war. They needed a way to enforce American colonist to pay them, and this was the cause of the Molasses Act in 1733. The act imposed a high tax on Molasses - a popular product used for making rum. A problem occurred when the colonist were ignoring the tax and smuggling from the Spanish and French. The Sugar Act in 1764 was an act by British Parliament who wanted to lower the tax on molasses and sugar to see if the tax would gain some recognition. The Sugar Act had also diminished the occurrence of colonist smugglings goods, and enforced other foreign products to be taxed, such
Without colonial consent, the British started their bid to raise revenue with the Sugar Act of 1764 which increased duties colonists would have to pay on imports into America. When the Sugar Act failed, the Stamp Act of 1765 which required a stamp to be purchased with colonial products was enacted. This act angered the colonists to no limit and with these acts, the British Empire poked at the up to now very civil colonists. The passing of the oppressive Intolerable Acts that took away the colonists’ right to elected officials and Townshend Acts which taxed imports and allowed British troops without warrants to search colonist ships received a more aggravated response from the colonist that would end in a Revolution.
In the 1760s King George III enacted the Sugar Act and the Stamp act to gain extra revenue from his colonies. King George III decided to enact heavier taxes to put money back into the empire that had been lost after the French and Indian War. This act levied heavy taxes on sugar imported from the West Indies. The Stamp Act in 1765 required that many items have a stamp to prove that the owner had payed for the taxes on the item. The problem the colonists had with it was that it increased the presence of English troops in the Colonies and they felt it was unneeded and only meant to put more control into Great Britain's hands.
After the Seven Year War, Britain now needed to find ways to generate money, and felt that since the war was fought on American land that they should help pay for its cost, and they decided to issue new taxes on the colonies trying to offset some of the cost of the war. One of the first acts they presented was the Sugar act in 1764, lowering the duties on molasses but taxed sugar and other items that could be exported to Britain. It also enforced stronger laws for smuggling, where if prosecuted, it would be a British type trial without a jury of their peers. Some Americans were upset about the Sugar Act because it violated two strong American feelings, first that they couldn't be tried without a jury of their peers, and the second that they couldn't be taxed without their consent.
The Sugar Act of 1764 which is also known as the American Revenue Act was an act passed by the Parliament in the colonies to raise revenue. There was a law before this called the Molasses Act but this was about to expire. It reduced the colonial tax from sixpence per gallon to threepence per gallon but was enforced more strictly. This time it did not only affect molasses but a diversity of products including any sugar-like products, wine, and clothing. This was the first tax against the colonies for the purpose of raising revenue. They were in an enormous amount of debt when they came out of the French and Indian War just a year earlier. As a result of this new Act the colonists responded by openly protesting for the first time and this was
The Sugar Act was established on April 5, 1764 and it helped reduce staggering national debt while the French and Indian War was occurring, it also helped pay for the British troops to defend the further attacks. After the French and Indian War the British had a debt of 72,000,000 and the main thing they wanted from the Sugar Act was to collect taxes and to force the colonists to trade with Britain and her colonies instead of having foreign powers to boost the British economy. Before the Sugar Act was a Parliament that controlled trade, also known as the Molasses Act and the Sugar Act changed the Molasses Act. The colonist hated the Molasses Act because it placed taxes of six pence for a gallon which was to import from any country outside
The Path to the American Revolution, The Proclamation of 1763, Took place in 1763 in England but affected the colonists and the indians.
The sugar act law and taxes that were led to the rebellion against the British.