In this paper, I will explain and argue for two-way interactive substance dualism. Dualism is a term referred to the idea that there are only two basic kinds of things and everything real is categorized under those two things. Dualism is split into two types, substance dualism, and property dualism. Substance dualism is the idea that the mind and body are two different sorts of basic substance, whereas property dualism is our mental and physical properties are two separate types of basic properties even though they may be properties of the same thing (lecture). Branching from dualism, mind-body dualism argues that the mind and body are two separate entities. Although they are two different substances, i.e. brain/body being material and
Next, it occurred to me that I take nourishment, move myself around, sense, and think – that I do things which I trace back to my soul” (John Perry, Michael Bratman, John Martin Fischer pg. 139). Puzzled on exactly what constituted a soul, Descartes provided a far-fetched answer, stating “it to be a rarified air, or fire, or ether permeating the denser parts of my body” (Perry et al pg. 139). But, Descartes’ understanding on physical objects was much clearer, describing it as, “capable of being bounded by a shape and limited to a place; that it can so fill a space as to exclude others from it; that it can be perceived by sight, touch, taste, and smell; that it cannot move itself but can be moved by something else that touches it” (Perry et al. pg. 139). While the body is considered an extension according to Descartes’ theory, the main property of a mind is thinking. Popkin and Stroll question the Cartesian Theory in order to find a deeper understanding, they ask, “how can mental events have anything to with physical ones and vice versa, since the one occurs in space and the other is unextended thought with no physical properties whatsoever?” (pg.106). If one thinks to move his left arm up towards the sky and does so successfully, obviously
Leibniz’s conception of infinitely many simple substances and denial of mind/body interaction was developed in response to Spinoza’s claim that there is only one substance and his idea of parallelism, which states that thought and extension express the sa...
Robert Graves wrote Goodbye to All That, an autobiographical war memoir, staring with a brief introduction to his life, continuing to World War One, and finishing shortly thereafter. Graves voices numerous opinions on various subject matter continually throughout the memoir, however, for certain subjects he tends to contradict himself, between his musings, thoughts and actions. This essay will explore how Graves view on class and social status varied throughout his memoir, and how this pertained to his life.
The movie titled "Death Makes Life Possible" follows an anthropologist, author, and scientist, Marilyn Schlitz, on her quest to find out what happens to our consciousness after death, and whether humans can benefit from acknowledging death as part of a natural life process in order to live happy and fulfilled lives. The documentary offers a rich insight into opinions of a panel of experts that voice their beliefs and personal experiences regarding the afterlife and how to embrace life's each moment to the fullest. In her journey to find the answers to questions that she had been looking for over thirty years, Marilyn Schlitz interviews doctors, speakers, scientists, religious scholars, psychologists, and psychiatrists about their opinions regarding
Centers for Disease Control
This research project is about the Centers for Disease Control. This is a very interesting topic. One reason to learn more about the CDC is to find out about who they are and what they do. They are mentioned numerous times in the book called The Things That Keep Us Here.
Perhaps no other event in modern history has left us so perplexed and dumbfounded than the atrocities committed by Nazi Germany, an entire population was simply robbed of their existence. In “Our Secret,” Susan Griffin tries to explain what could possibly lead an individual to execute such inhumane acts to a large group of people. She delves into Heinrich Himmler’s life and investigates all the events leading up to him joining the Nazi party. In“Panopticism,” Michel Foucault argues that modern society has been shaped by disciplinary mechanisms deriving from the plague as well as Jeremy Bentham’s Panopticon, a structure with a tower in the middle meant for surveillance. Susan Griffin tries to explain what happened in Germany through Himmler’s childhood while Foucault better explains these events by describing how society as a whole operates.
In "Our Secret" by Susan Griffin, the essay uses fragments throughout the essay to symbolize all the topics and people that are involved. The fragments in the essay tie together insides and outsides, human nature, everything affected by past, secrets, cause and effect, and development with the content. These subjects and the fragments are also similar with her life stories and her interviewees that all go together. The author also uses her own memories mixed in with what she heard from the interviewees. Her recollection of her memory is not fully told, but with missing parts and added feelings. Her interviewee's words are told to her and brought to the paper with added information. She tells throughout the book about these recollections.
From the opening sentence of the essay, “We are free to be you, me, stupid, and dead”, Roger Rosenblatt hones in on a very potent and controversial topic. He notes the fundamental truth that although humans will regularly shield themselves with the omnipresent first amendment, seldom do we enjoy having the privilege we so readily abuse be used against us.
Simplicity by William Zinnser
In William Zinnser’s essay “Simplicity” he states that “clear thinking becomes clear writing; one can’t exist without the other.” He believes that people speak more complexly then they have to and that the key to good writing and speaking is simplicity.