Stem cell research is one of the most controversial topics of debate that has caught the attention of both politicians and scientists. Pro-life supporters feel the moral cost of continuing experimentation outweighs any possible benefits, however researchers think the potential of stem cells is both awe-inspiring and mystifying. To fully understand this debate a person must be informed on the stem cell research’s history and scientific details. Stem cell research has recently become a big topic, however stem cells were first found in the early 80’s with the discovery that stem cells are essential for developing organisms. Stem cells are non-specialized cells that have the potential to produce specific cells such as, tissue cells, blood cells, bone cells, brain cells, and etc. Although there are stem cells in adults the most potent cells are in embryos, which are typically taken from aborted fetuses between the fifth and ninth week. Experimentation on these compromised fetuses brings ethics in the equation; as a result sparking the controversy, is the practice of stem cell research ethical?
Stem cells are unspecialized cells that divide into different cell types. (Stem cell - about). For many years, scientists have been researching stem cells to see how they can treat different health issues, such as causes and cures for birth defects, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, spinal cord injury, heart disease, diabetes, and arthritis (Stem Cells - diseases). Because of this, stem cells provide very large potential for medical research and cures. There are many different types of stem cells, such as embryonic, hematopoietic, which are in the bone marrow and umbilical cord blood, which makes all the types of...
When the subject is stem cell research our first reaction is to think about a new perspective of life, in which diseases could be treated and cured, lives could be saved, and even prolonging life on earth passes through our mind. The ability to divide and self-renew, causes the stem-cells to become a great promise for the future. Stem Cells are the only cells in the human body that can differentiate, or specialize, into other cell types. These abilities make the stem cell research increase every year, in which researchers are always looking for answers that no other technology could present. As good as it looks stem cells research also have some controversy, in which for some reasons make the dream of treating and curing becomes farther than we can imagine (Mummery 46 - 47).
A disturbing number of human lives are cut short by terminal illnesses and injuries out of doctors’ control. Imagine if the world did not have to fear these dreadful curses. Imagine if the solution to these sicknesses was inside the very people they torment. Stem cell research is undeniably a heated topic in today’s world. Supporters claim it is saving lives, however, from the opposition, it is viewed as murderous. Both sides present a strong argument and have respectable pros and cons. Despite the opposing side’s argument, it is in the United States’ best interest to invest tax money into stem cell research because it has already proved successful in advancing out nation scientifically, saving human lives, and can be researched ethically.
The Stem Cell Dilemma Every day, nearly 3,000 people die while waiting for an organ transplant (D’Agnese). Moreover, 66,000 people are still on an organ donor list in the United States, few of which will ever see their name come up on that list (“Improving”). Many people believe nothing can be done about this sad fact. However, this is not the case. Studies on stem-cell research point toward a solution to this deadly problem.
Few advances in modern science have generated as much excitement and public debate as the discovery of human embryonic stem cells (hESC). The debate over the use of embryonic stem cells in research has polarized the global community along the lines of those who argue that such research holds the promise of medical breakthroughs for many currently incurable diseases and ailments, while opponents condemn such research as it involves the destruction of a potential human life and is seen as humanity “playing God”. There are no clear cut answers to the moral debate concerning this particular area of stem cell research. At the core of the debate lies the ethical question of which is the more valuable; the life of a human being suffering from a fatal illness or life threatening injury, or the life of a potential human being? These are the difficult questions faced by both the scientists engaged in the research, the legislators who define the laws governing such research and the public as a whole. While many agree that embryonic stem cell research has the potential of developing treatments for a number of afflictions that affect humankind, if such research cannot be performed without the the cost of destroying a life it should therefore not be pursued.
What are Stem Cells and what do they do? Stem cells are cells made of the bodies “raw materials” and are the only type of cells in the body that have “a natural ability to generate new cell types.”(“Stem Cell Transplant”) Stem Cells have the potential to treat or cure a wide range of diseases and disorders, such as: Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, etc., that affect billions of people worldwide. With a subject such as embryonic stem cell research, whether or not the costs outweigh the benefits is subjective and the cost of life is impossible to measure.