These are the difficult questions faced by both the scientists engaged in the research, the legislators who define the laws governing such research and the public as a whole. While many agree that embryonic stem cell research has the potential of developing treatments for a number of afflictions that affect humankind, if such research cannot be performed without the the cost of destroying a life it should therefore not be pursued. Experimentation with embryonic stem cells has become an important breakthrough in current medical research. Why is this? According to Medical News Today, these embryonic stem cells are considered the most useful for research due to their pluripotent nature (MNT, July 2013).
With the technology that is present today doctor can take organ from one person and be mostly successful in transplanting the organ into another person with the same blood type, tissue type, and HLA protein type. The current technology is very limited in developing new organs by using stem cells (specifically human embryonic stem cells (hESCs)) for humans, though this has been successfully performed on rats and other animals. It is better to inject stem cells that have been activated to turn into a certain organ, than transplanting the organ after it has completely developed. This is because if the cells injected at an early stage, then the cells have a lower chance of being rejected, than if the complete organ was placed. And if the cells were rejected, then the body would just be fighting the organ at a premature stage (that is just a cluster of cell, the body could fight them as if it were fighting a virus), and this would not harm the body as much, as opposed to if it were fighting a complete organ.
The stake over the issue of stem cells revolves around the human life itself. Proponents of stem cells say that until an embryo has not been embedded into the uterus, it does not have a human status and therefore could be used to treat patient who already are persons. They also propose to obtain cells through IVF as opposed to abortion because abortion is attributed to a deliberate act of killing human life while the fo... ... middle of paper ... ...of optimism and bring forth a new way of life and medical abilities all around the world for the benefit of people, family, friends, and oneself. Science can be described as the pursuit of innovation, advancement and opportunity. Stem cells have offered scientists and the world a new doorway to treat diseases and help millions.
For many years, scientists have been researching stem cells to see how they can treat different health issues, such as causes and cures for birth defects, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, spinal cord injury, heart disease, diabetes, and arthritis (Stem Cells - diseases). Because of this, stem cells provide very large potential for medical research and cures. There are many different types of stem cells, such as embryonic, hematopoietic, which are in the bone marrow and umbilical cord blood, which makes all the types of... ... middle of paper ... ...dation. The New York Stem Cell Foundation, n.d. Web.
These include embryonic stem cells, adult stem cells, and induced pluripotent cells. Embryonic stem cells are cells that have the potential to produce many different cells in the body. They are cells that are tak... ... middle of paper ... ...he site of destruction and regrow those damaged cells. This could be a medical breakthrough for many patients because this could mean limited hospital stay; Fewer treatments from reoccurring illness caused by damaged tissue and saving them money by decreasing the need for multiple hospital visits. Stem cells are an ongoing research project in which new discoveries are being made about them, and researchers are learning how to use them in new ways.
The advancements are diverse and have the potential to help cure numerous diseases and illnesses. Scientists are striving to find even more ways than they have already to repair damaged tissue in the human body and cure these diseases entirely through the usage of stem cells, and scientists believe that this will lead to further medical advancements for researchers. The issue of stem cell research first began on the scientific scene in November of 1998 when researchers first reported the isolation of human embryonic stem cells. The discovery, made by Dr. James A. Thomson, a biologist at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, offered great promise for new ways of treating diseases through stem cell use. The stem cells, which are derived from several-day-old embryos, can theoretically differentiate into virtually any type of human cell, ranging from blood cells to skin cells (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2011).
As the pluripotent stem cells specialize, they form stem cells with the specific kinds of purposes mentioned above. Stem cells are controversial because the most useful variety of stem cells comes from embryos at the blastocyst stage, meaning the cells are taken from embryos of aborted fetuses or from surplus embryos left over from In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). Despite such controversy, many researchers and medical professionals argue that pluripotent embryos have “the potential to revolutionize the practice of medicine and improve the quality and length of life” for millions of individuals (NIH, 2002, p. 1). For these reasons, the use of pluripotent stem cells potentially represent the greatest medical breakthrough of any era in history and federal funding for such research must be approved. Pro Analysis: The unique ability of embryonic pluripotent stem cells shows tremendous medical prom... ... middle of paper ... ...al, critical and necessary.
Stem cell research has caused a big ethical debate across the nation. The stem cell lines developed for stem cell research are established from embryos after fertilization. An embryo is then divided into individual cells to create a stem cell line. From the embryo, one cell is placed in a dish and nourished with substances that stimulate the cell to divide, then the resulting line will then continue to divide in a managed environment and if taken care of properly (Creating Stem Cells For Research). The stem cells created can then be used to replace damaged cells.
Think of all the things one tiny discovery can do. Embryonic stem cells can stop the rejection of organs in one’s body with a significant amount of research. You need research because if you just do the method on a human being, something could go wrong and that person could die. So first, you have to research all the consequences, good and bad, to that method and then you have to experiment it on something else like a false kidney or even mice, but in a lab. You can do this through therapeutic cloning.