Most times, though, a few too many embryos will be created and not used. So they will be frozen and stored. So scientists thought that instead of creating an embryo just for its stem cells, they would use the ones already created but have no current use. The embryo cannot develop any further unless implanted into a uterus. The main reason for the controversy over stem cell research is that the embryos are ultimately destroyed after the stem cells are removed.
Human right activists and some religious groups are against this type of research because the harvesting of stem cells from embryos is seen as the destruction of human life. These activists believe using human tissue as a starting point for new cell development is unnatural; killing one person to help another (author). Nevertheless, it is an unconventional and controversial type of medicine that could prove to be groundbreaking. With the proliferation of disease such as cancer in our society, stem cell research must be furthered implored in order to cure diseases and save countless lives despite the ethical controversy it has created. Stem cells are cells that have not differentiated to form specialized tissues, and can be found in the blastocyst during the embryological growth, as well as in the bone marrow of adult tissues.
Embryonic stem cell research is so controversial because society is judging whether or not taking stem cells from days old embryos is immoral, or if doctors should look past the cons and do what is necessary to eventually preserve many lives. While stem cell research has received an abundance of support from people who believe it has the potential to treat and remedy disease, many others oppose embryonic stem cell research because it ultimately causes the destruction of an embryo, what they consider to be a human life. Which brings on the question, when does life begin. The answer is opinionated. Many people disagree on when life begins; some people believe that an embryo is a human and some believe that they are not human until the first heartbeat.
Adult stem cells can be found in many tissues such as bone marrow and circulating blood. Perinatal stem cells are derived from umbilical cord blood. The most recent development by scientists is bioengineered stem cells, also known as induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS), which are created using ordinary tissues. Each type has different abilities to transform into a variety of tissues, which affects what it can be used to create. Stem cell research is controversial because during the process of extracting embryonic stem cells, the embryo is destroyed, which some people believe is terribly wrong.
Because of this, stem cell research is not federally funded by the United States government. But, stem cell research has tons of potential and should get more attention for the greater good of our future. According to Courtney Farrell’s overview of stem cell research, stem cells are undifferentiated cells that can be used to fix and replace other kinds of cells that are missing or damaged, and they can be derived from several different sources. The first of these sources, “embryonic” stem cells have been the source of many ethical debates because the process to gain embryonic stem cells involves the destruction of a human embryo in its early stages. Many people find this unethical and think it’s equal to human murder.
Embryonic stem cells researches remain as a difficult topic for many because embryonic stem cells can turn into different cell and tissues in the body which can help to find the therapy for diseases like diabetes, cancers, Parkinson’s and repair joints (Susman); however, the only way to obtain the cells is to destroy the embryo (Prentice). While both sides still have different opinions, I still claim that stem cell researchers must not be allowed to use stem cells from aborted babies to cure diseases because it is against religious views of morality, embryonic stem cells remain as failure compare to adult stem cells, and there are other stem cells from other part of the body can help cure diseases without destroying the embryo. Stem cells research from aborted babies is against religious view of morality. The only way to obtain the embryonic stem cells is from the embryo, which would destroy the potential of life (Prentice). Dr. Hurbult states “Human life begins with fertilization and end with death” (Susman).
Stem cells are disparate from other cell types because they are no specialized cells able to regenerate themselves through cell division. Adult stem cells live within the human body after embryonic development and are located within diverse types of tissue. These have been discovered in tissues like the brain, bone marrow, blood, blood vessels, skelet... ... middle of paper ... ...s to experiment, but embryonic stem cells are more flexible. The main issues involve opposition to stem cell research. People believe that conducting research on the embryonic stem cells should be avoided.
Over one million people currently use stem cell treatment. Stem cells are cells that haven’t been assigned a specific job in the body. The reason they are controversial is because the original way that stem cell were collected was by creating an embryo that had three sets of chromosomes, to maximize compatibility with multiple patients, and after about three days they collect the stem cells from the embryo which destroys the embryo in the process. Stem Cells can be used to cure otherwise incurable diseases such as Parkinson’s disease or Alzheimer’s disease by repairing the damaged tissue in the brain or in the muscles. Stem cells can be used to cure incurable diseases but the lesser informed are afraid of it because they believe it will lead to cloning or killing babies to get more stem cells.
A good number of those stem cells that are used in this research have resulted from days-old human embryos through a process that destroys human embryos. (“Stem Cell Research Gets a Reprieve.”) “In 2001, President George W. Bush restricted federal funding for research on stem cells obtained from human embryos because the technology required the destruction of human life.” (Park) This restriction was seen as a compromise that allowed future research while allowing the door to be open to the destruction of future human lives. This compromise is a touchy subject that not very many people are informed about. The stem cell research should not use an embryo because there are other ways of getting similar research results without taking a human life. Such as using bone marrow, using cord blood, or turning mature cells into stem-like cells.
That was a major breakthrough in stem cell research. Scientists are now able to use embryonic stem cells to treat or cure diseases, but they are far from perfecting it to use on humans. The process of generating stem cells is done by the fertilizing of an egg through in vitro fertilization. If the embryo is healthy then it is divided and is multiplied several times. Then the embryo is destroyed and the stem cells are used.