The ‘American Dream’ maintains that if you work hard enough, you will be successful. He characterizes Jurgis, Ona, Elzbieta, and Marija, and Dede Antanas as honest, determined, and hardworking. However, they are destroyed by the corruption of the system. Sinclair uses their stories to expose the downfalls of capitalism: the increasingly growing division between classes as well as working conditions for the poor. In the meantime, he describes the issues with gender as well as poverty.
And his dogs that he bought along are run over. They constantly have car problems and they face more and more disrespec... ... middle of paper ... ...cannot fight against the system that enslaves them, to desperate for food and shelter to think about their situation to any great extent. Steinbeck focuses on the sacrifices made by people for their children and friends, emphasizing the simplicity of their lives while demonstrating their desire for respect and recognition. They are forced into constant migration by large land-owning companies, and it is these same companies that prevent them from rising above poverty. During the Depression, the entire country was faced with growing poverty and unemployment, and the Joads are only one of many families forced to leave their homes.
Similarly in Great Expectations Magwitch exclaims to Pip ‘I have lived rough, that you should live smooth; I worked hard, that you should be above work’ (Dickens 319). Pam Morris highlights that Magwitch’s speech ‘reconnects wealthy lifestyle and conspicuous consumption to the reality of their source in degraded and punishing labour’ (Morris 116). This segregation of certain individuals created a socio-economic barrier that resulted in the Eloi and Morlocks and also caused Pip’s contempt of Magwitch despite Magwitch being his benefactor. Marxism and socialism are important in relation to the individual’s place within the social and economic sphere and what effects it had. Dickens and Wells in their evaluation of this use Marxism to present their opinions and thoughts.
Jurgis and Ona drift further and further apart as times get worse, and when this is culminated by Jurgis' discover of Ona's rape and his consequent beating of her boss, Jurgis goes to jail. There is constant events happened one after each other to this family because of the struggle of getting more money in order to keep life sustainable. There is indeede no mercy given to this family. Sinclair shows this family suffering as much as possible in order to show the complete negligence of capitalist society toward the people that it controls. Money has so much powerful that makes human’s value turns down to the level of animal.
In chapter “The Other Civil War” of A People’s History of the United States, Howard Zinn described the underlying class tensions caused by industrialization during the nineteenth century. He claimed that these tensions would have led to radical labor reforms if the working class’s anger had not been directed towards other issues. Zinn used The Age of Enterprise by Thomas C. Cochran and William Miller to show the upper class’s indifference towards the problems of the lower class and to prove that the rich manipulated the poor to promote their own interests. He also used Class and Community by Alan Dawley to offer examples of working class resistance, government oppression, and the effects of the Civil War. While Zinn’s use of Class and Community accurately represents Dawley’s arguments, he misuses some of his evidence from The Age of Enterprise.
To Shelley, capitalism was too easy for the rich to abuse and take advantage of the working class. A light supporter of socialism, he wrote many politically align works that spoke of revolution and radical social reform. Shelly wanted peace and calming in England. Above all, he wanted equality and opportunity. “In Song: Men of England”, Shelley tells the people of his homeland to revolt and take back what is theirs.
In the novel by John Steinbeck, The Grapes of Wrath, everyone wants to survive and although they acquire many different obstacles throughout their journey to California, their biggest struggle includes people discriminating against them and making their lives more difficult. The main example of prejudice behavior toward the migrants includes man’s inhumanity towards other men. Another clear example of prejudice behavior towards the migrates includes the man whose children die of starvation. The most prejudice operation towards them throughout the novel, however, proceeded to extend from the police officials. The Grapes of Wrath sheds light on the discrimination and prejudice behavior towards migrants traveling to California during the dust bowl and exhibited the unfair treatment the Okies faced.
For the ruling class, it symbolizes a system where opportunities abound for those who are devoted, innovative, and work hard. Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim, prominent social theorists studied the division of labour in a capitalist economy and both of their views have merit. Marx, well renowned German philosopher was one of the first incredibly influential social activists in history. He fear that we live in a materially determined economy has come to light brighter than ever before. He believed that members of a society were in constant conflict with one another because the bourgeoisie exploited and dominated the proletarians by using labour as a cheap commodity.
Industrialization Effects on Working Conditions Europe’s industrial advancements emphasized on production rather than the treatment of industrial workers. This included intolerable hours, poor working conditions, and living conditions for families (The Social Question in Coffin et.al, 465). The intolerable conditions of industrialization in the 19th century was referred to as the social question, which pertained to socialist thinkers. Thinkers of the industrial revolution, Robert Owen and Flora Tristan realized the problems of industrial advancement and argued a solution to address them. Owen was a socialist, who created a Utopian Society for his workers because he felt that the workers negative behaviors reflected from their poor surrounding environments.
Ehrenreich lastly states, “guilt doesn’t go anywhere far enough; the appropriate emotion is shame- shame at our dependency, in this case, on the underpaid labor of others” (221). She brings in an appeal to emotions of guilt and shame in her readers. She wants her readers to feel ashamed for treating the working class without respect. No one in society understands that the low-wagers job is what keeps America alive, if it wasn’t for the low wage class, there wouldn’t be restaurants servers, home care services, cashiers, etc. Society takes advantage of the little things life offers and Ehrenreich wants her audience to feel empathy towards their actions and to realize the low-wage workers are not society’s outcasts.