CLARE, a close friend of St. Francis of Assisi, lived in the 13th
Century. Her reputation was like that of Mother Teresa of Calcutta, "a
saint in our midst".
CLARE was born into a wealthy family, educated in the domestic arts of
spinning and needle work, reading and writing. She knew about St.
Francis because of his love for the poor. Francis' father was a
successful cloth merchant. In 1204 Francis enlisted in Assisi's war
with Perugia. After a year as a prisoner of war, his view of society
and its social structures was forever altered.
During this time, urban development was beginning and capitalism was
in its infancy. Goods were created through cheap labor and poor
working conditions. Francis could see that the poor were most harmed
by capitalism and urbanization. He left his father's business and
began a simple life dependent on God. He begged and preached in the
streets of Assisi and ultimately formed the community of Friars Minor.
IN 1210 Clare heard Francis preach detachment from things and money,
to live in faith, that God will provide as God cares for the birds of
the air (Matt 6).
IN 1212 Clare left her family and joined Francis. Inspired by Francis'
faith, Clare lived and believed in Divine Providence. She depended on
God to supply what she and the community needed. Her small group of
followers became known as Poor Clares.
IN the document on her canonization in 1255, a number of miracles are
re-told. Once, finding an empty jar of oil filled when they were in
need, Clare believed God had filled it as "a gift of divine
generosity". Clare accepted all things and people as a gift from God.
She lived among her community as an equal doing daily works with
everyone else. She was attentive to the well-being of each sister.
Once Clare suspected a sister was suffering from depression and gave
her extra sensitivity and care. The nun was restored to health and
peace of heart, the canonization document says.
In this essay, the author
Describes how clare, a close friend of st. francis of assisi, lived in the 13th century. her reputation was like that of mother teresa of calcutta.
Narrates how francis' view of society and its social structures was forever altered. he saw that the poor were most harmed by capitalism and urbanization.
Describes how clare heard francis preach detachment from things and money, to live in faith, that god will provide as god cares for the birds of the air.
Describes how clares accepted all things and people as a gift from god. she lived among her community as an equal doing daily works with everyone else.
Narrates how clare suspected a sister was suffering from depression and gave her extra sensitivity and care. the nun was restored to health and peace of heart.
Describes how clare and her communities became known for their care and prayers for people in need.
Narrates how francis, the son of a rich merchant named pietro di bernardone, was very worldly in his early years.
Explains that pope innocent iii approved his way of life, gave him permission to preach on moral topics, and had francis ordained a deacon. the followers increased and were called friars minor by francis.
Narrates how francis founded the poor clares and the third order for lay men and women. he unsuccessfully tried to convert the sultan al-kamil during the fifth crusade.
Describes how francis composed his famous poem, the canticle of brother sun. he was the son of peter bernardone, an italian merchant.
Describes how francis envisioned taking over his cloth business. he longed to become a knight, and after an experience in battle and subsequent imprisonment, francis became ill and his conversion process began.
Describes how francis rebuilt the church after his father was outraged at his behavior and brought him before the bishop of assisi. after hearing the gospel, francis recognized god's will and began a radical penitential movement.
Explains that francis showed a great love for all of creation, and is known for his songs and poetry praising god in creation.
Many people wonder: what is the meaning of life? What is the human purpose on this earth? At least one time in our lifetime, we all look at ourselves and wonder if we are living our lives the way we were meant to live them. Sadly, there is not a definite answer to the principles of human life. Every human comes from different backgrounds and different experiences throughout their existence. Each person is different, each with different emotions and reactions to their surroundings. People strive to uncover the secrets to the meaning of life. In reality, humans are given the desire to live the way we want and have a critical thinking mind, unlike animals. In the essay Living like Weasels, Annie Dillard believes we should live more carefree and instinctual as weasels, but what we were given as humans is a gift that no other creature has – free will and choice to shape our own lives.
In this essay, the author
Opines that there is not a definite answer to the principles of human life. every human comes from different backgrounds and experiences throughout their existence.
Analyzes how dillard's essay delves into the way humans live, and says that we as humans "could live any way we want."
Opines that dillard wants us to agree with her idea that we humans might learn something of mindlessness, purity of living in the physical senses, and dignity of life without bias or motive.
Opines that if we acted more like weasels, not needing, wanting, but always choosing the given with a fierce and pointed will, the world would be completely different.
Explains that dillard believes that having limited memory like the weasel is actually positive, and the simpler our minds are, the simple our lives would also be.
Analyzes how dillard's essay is weak because it is impossible to compare humans and weasels without putting choice into account.
Analyzes how dillard sees the weasel's reaction to necessity as taking chances and risks willingly, determined, unshaken, and carefree.
Opines that humans are the dominant species and should take it more as an honor to persevere through the hard times, and preserve ourselves and the creatures around us.
“…The element of genuine human goodness and of sincere desire to increase the measure of happiness and self-fulfillment for all men… might yield what he is so badly in need of—something to live for, something to strive for as a Jew” (Kaplan 30).
In this essay, the author
Analyzes how kaplan's revolutionary concept of reconstruction hinges on transforming judaism into a "this-worldly" cultural nation.
Analyzes how kaplan's explanation of god’s role does not agree with commonly held beliefs in judaism and especially the core beliefs of jewish orthodoxy.
Explains that in contradistinction to the personal god of classical judaism, he defines god as that force in the universe that makes for the highest human aspirations—justice, truth, mercy—a force reflected in man as ethical responsibility.
Analyzes how the reconstruction movement redefines god and echoes across judaic history.
Analyzes how kaplan calls for the rebirth of jewish tradition while simultaneously renunciating much of judaism's history. the primary concern is the perpetuation of certain concepts that undermine his principles.
Analyzes how kaplan's modern jewish ideology is based on the ancient jewish tradition, but not on its beliefs.
Analyzes how mordecai m. kaplan founded the reconstructionist movement in modern judaism, redefining the age-old religion as a self-conscious religion.
Analyzes how kaplan's critique of the traditional image of god shed light on his problems with traditional jewry in the modern world.
Argues that kaplan's reconstruction of judaism is a self-conscious movement toward self fulfillment in this world.
Compares berkovits, eliezer, and raphael, marc lee. major themes in modern philosophies of judaism.
Although these ideas hold sway, the fact still remains that we feel love, hate, content, and contempt; and that the purpose of life, if one were so inclined to wont, is to live. That the meaning of life is self-evident; and that while there is no real truth, there is what can be sensed around us. The dirt that is here today, will be there tomorrow, that life will persist, that the sun will once again rise to greet us tomorrow, and that we’ll be surrounded by the everlasting ether of nothingness.
In this essay, the author
Analyzes how nietzsche's profundity into the reality of being explicates a physis of our reality. the humanistic facade of empirical truth, truly, has no truth.
Opines that although these ideas hold sway, the fact remains that we feel love, hate, content, and contempt; and that the purpose of life, if one were so inclined to wont, is to live.
Analyzes nietzsche's interpretation of physis as eternal recurrence and the will to power.
Explains that the immortal coil of time that is eternal recurrence must be discussed to understand the fundamental aspects of eternity. what people think of as time has been subjectively skewed by our minds.
Analyzes how consciousness develops into an incoherent dissimilation of what is actually a pure concept.
Explains that humans have put everything into neat categories to try to understand what time is, such as the separation of time into the past, present, and future.
Explains the construct of the future, and inevitably the knowledge and understanding of death, which leads men to strive for immortality.
Explains that there is only the now, the gift of the universe, our present from the metaphoric gods, and nietzsche's iteration to the concept of physis of temporality.
Analyzes the metaphoric sea of the entire universe, the vessel which allows for the understanding of everything, even of understanding itself.
Explains that an engine is built to harness energy efficiently in order to power the movement of a vehicle.
Explains that physis and nomos are the result of the illusion of allusion. when one acknowledges this obstruction of reality, they attain a state of mind and grace by returning to the metaphoric wilderness
Analyzes how the interpretation of phenomena has been great throughout the ages of humanity, from the creation of anthropomorphic gods, to modern religions such as christianity and the like.
Opines that understanding is a luxury that infrequently persists. one person's physis is another’s nomos, and vice versa.
...h we should follow and recognize our purpose of life: to serve God. Christ gave us spiritual freedom through His death and Resurrection in hope that we use this freedom to willingly choose to follow Christ.
In this essay, the author
Describes st. ignatius of loyola's spiritual exercises as a guide or manual for those on retreat. the manual provides its audience with guidance and encouragement to discover their purpose, their "true self" and path in life.
Explains st. ignatius emphasizes the interior individual freedom that we have received from the death and resurrection of christ.
Explains that st. ignatius's spiritual exercises are a guide to find our reason in life. they help us come to recognize the significance of jesus' life, death, and resurrection.
Explains that ignatius uses the parable "the call of the temporal king" to illustrate the importance and significance of christ on earth.
Explains that the third week of the spiritual exercises spotlights the passion of christ, from the last supper to his death on the cross.
Explains that the fourth week of the spiritual exercises "transforms what is confirmed" by reflecting on christ's life and death.
Explains that st. ignatius's uses the themes in the "four week plan" to achieve the overall goal of spiritual exercises.
Explains that st. ignatius' book of spiritual exercises helps us make this decision in life. the spiritual exercises leads us on a journey to find our "true self."
...what one does. God hopes that everyone lives a good, generous life. Everyone should perform actions from their hearts, because if one is forced to do something it is not love. For instance, throughout life one is taught that being there for the other or a friend is something that is out of love and is the significance of friendship. Everyone should be friends with the poor, get to know them, and lend a helping hand.
In this essay, the author
Explains gutierrez's view that life is a test, and that one must think of what comes after it is over and comprehend that sin is the obstruction.
Explains that sin is a turning away from god, which blocks the flow of god's grace.
Analyzes how gutierrez emphasizes the three approaches to the process of liberation as structural analysis, personal transformation, and freedom from sin.
Explains that in gutierrez's "poverty as a theological challenge," god is not showing favoritism, but that he loves everyone equally and gratuitously.
Concludes that humankind is blessed with life as god created it. one must reflect on their actions throughout life because one will be judged by god in the next life.
Explains gutiérrez's view of liberation and the importance of the preferential option for the poor. the magnificence of human life is transparent because it is an act of creation.