Power is defined by the speed in which one can move an object. In strength and conditioning, power is an important measure of ones athletic abilities. So many sports focus on how fast someone can get there, and how powerful they are at doing it. Once athletes started training their power output, studies started showing that it was the best way to increase their training gains. Studies begun to show up about training power development, the idea that the more motor recruitment the athlete uses, the faster they will become.
The use of the six principles of training by a 100m sprinter would greatly improve the athlete’s performance. This is because the progressive overload, specificity, reversibility, variety, training thresholds and warm up/cool down principles all greatly affect the performance of any athlete. The principles of training can be employed in order to improve all aspects of fitness, from flexibility to strength and aerobic endurance. The progressive overload principle implies that improvements in fitness only occur when the ‘load’ is progressively increased as the body adapts. The progressive overload principle is exemplified in strength training, which is necessary to improve the performance of a 100m sprinter.
Since humans cannot completely activate a muscle voluntarily, strength training can help increase the amount of muscle a person can activate voluntarily (Gabriel, Kamen & Frost, 2006, p. 135). Some data suggest that the pattern of motor unit activation and the number of motor units activated are equally as important the frequency of activation in producing increased strength (Gabriel, Kamen & Frost, 2006, p. 136). When an individual performs specific exercises repeatedly the motor units that control the activated muscles learn to activate in a simultaneous pattern, increasing strength. This can lead to intermuscular coordination allowing muscles to distribute motor unit activation among the muscles involved in particular exercises. Changes in the capability to distribute muscle activation may be due to the ability to voluntarily activate the muscles needed for specific task (Duchateau, Semmler & Enoka, 2006, p. 1769).
2015). Muscle adaptation to aerobic exercise is similar to strength training adaptation. While performing aerobic exercises, the number if mitochondria begins to increase. Not to mention, cardiovascular training increases the number of capillaries that bring oxygen into the mitochondria. With more fuel in the muscles they can endure longer periods of exercise, but the adaptations have its different limits.
In many sporting event, strength is required for the body to produce movement using force against a physical object. Muscular strength can be defined as at a specific velocity, maximum force is generated by a group of muscles or a muscle (Knuttgen and Kraemer 1987). Training muscular strength would allow the individual to increase maximal force production. Research indicates that strength (resistance) training is an important aspect in enhancing an individual’s sporting performance (Harries, Lubans and Callister, 2012). Kraemer, Fleck and Evans (1996) reported in their study that the human body responds to strength training with adaptations occurring at the neuromuscular system.
Introduction A warm-up and stretching is widely accepted as a prerequisite to participation in athletics, strength training and aerobic training. The common thought to a warm-up and stretching is that it will increase performance and reduce the risk of injury (Hough, Ross & Howatson, 2009). Other common thoughts to performing a warm-up routine is to increase muscle and body temperature to increase nerve conduction velocity which in turn drives performance (Behm & Chaouchi, 2011). Many research articles have been published displaying the effects of various types of warm-ups and stretching. The two most common stretching types include static or dynamic stretching.
The major benefit that comes from taking the powder form is that the formula has larger amounts of the necessary minerals and molecules you need than the pill form does, therefore you would intake more. With a larger formula of the pre-workout supplement, it acts faster with your body which means you can get results quicker and finish your workout sooner than if you did not take a supplement at all or if you took the pill form (best pre workout supplement blog 2016). Pre-workout can produce the mental drive and focus people desire to have while working out because it triggers people’s stimuli. Resources say that taking pre-workout supplements enhance your work outs and can give you more energy than you may already have. Pre-workout supplements promote the increase of strength (Sam Wolley 2015).
This isometric training can work to increase the power in an athlete’s stride for example, which would increase the amount of force that the athlete can exert upon the ground. Newton’s third law implies that the more power an athlete exerts upon the ground, the further and faster they will be propelled forwards. The extra speed generated by this movement is essential in both 100m sprints and touch football. The muscular endurance that is improved as a result of this strength training allows the athlete to train at a ... ... middle of paper ... ...ergy systems, but also improve the required skills and specific demands of touch football. In order to improve the performance of a touch football player and a 100m sprinter the athletes need to have a solid training schedule.
Muscular Endurance ================== Muscle Endurance is the measure of how well muscles can repeatedly generate force, and the amount of time they can maintain activity. Muscular Endurance is the practical use of raw strength. It is crucial for every fitness activity, from the mostly anaerobic weight lifting reps to intense aerobic activities like jogging (where specific muscles in the legs are used repeatedly.) Muscular endurance combines both aerobic and anaerobic energy. Body Composition Body composition is the amount of body fat and lean body tissue in an individual.
When taking HGH, a person might experience results such as an increase in muscle mass, an increase in bone density, and a reduced fat content in the body (Freudenrich). The same results could be found when you take anabolic steroids. Anabolic steroids have been sought after to athletes and bodybuilders because they increase the size and strength of muscles. They also increase aggressiveness and competitiveness, which can be desirable traits in sports (Helmenstine). On different occasions such as a cyclist or a long distance runner, these athletes will store some of their red blood cells when their hemoglobin is high.