HIV is the virus that is referred to as: the infection that leads to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) and is widespread throughout the world affecting individuals of all age groups and nationalities. This particular illness not only does damage to the individual infected by it but cause emotional distress to those closely related to them. The fight to control as well as eradicate this illness has been an ongoing dilemma and government health agencies are at the head of the fight. Government agencies such as: the National Institute of Health (NIH) under the heading of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases has committed themselves to fighting and eliminating the threat posed by the HIV virus. Studies have shown that an estimated 34 million people are infected with HIV worldwide and 1.1 million of those people are in the United States with infection rates of 50,000 annually in the U.S (niaid.nih.gov, 2014).
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UNAIDS and WHO. http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/adultmort/UNAIDS_WHOPaper2.pdf (last accessed 13 March 2014). “What is HIV/AIDS?” 2014. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. http://aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/hiv-aids-101/what-is-hiv-aids/ (last accessed 13 March 2014).